Devanagari aa.svg
U+0906, आ
DEVANAGARI LETTER AA

[U+0905]
Devanagari
[U+0907]

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Gupta letter   (ā).

LetterEdit

(ā)

  1. The second letter and vowel of the Devanagari script.

Usage notesEdit

Its matra, used to modify the inherent vowel in a consonant, is written ा. For example, the first consonant क with the matra looks like: का.


BhojpuriEdit

ConjunctionEdit

(ā) (Kaithi 𑂄)

  1. and

DhivehiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

(ā)

  1. The second vowel in Dhivehi, written in Devanagari script

HindiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aː/, /a/, /ɑː/, [äː]
  • The first three transcriptions are very common, but the fourth is the true phonetic value.
  • (file)

LetterEdit

(ā)

  1. the second vowel of Hindi

See alsoEdit


MarathiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

(ā)

  1. The second vowel in Marathi

NepaliEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ä]
  • Phonetic Devanagari:
  • While the first transcription is very common, the second is the true phonetic value.

LetterEdit

(ā)

  1. The second vowel in Nepali.

Old GujaratiEdit

PronounEdit

(ā)

  1. he, this

DeterminerEdit

(ā)

  1. this

DescendantsEdit

  • Gujarati: (ā)

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *HáH, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd (to, at). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *at (whence English at) and Latin ad. The final *d in the Proto-Indo-European term regularly alternated with *h₁, the latter appearing before certain consonants originally. Sanskrit generalized the form ending in *h₁ and its fellow Indo-European cognates generalized the form ending in *d.[1]

Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

(ā́)

  1. (Vedic) separated form of आ- (ā-)

PostpositionEdit

(ā́)

  1. With senses determined by the accusative case:
    1. (+ accusative) near to, towards, to
    2. (+ accusative) for
  2. With senses determined by the ablative case:
    1. (+ ablative) from
    2. (+ ablative) out of, from among
  3. (+locative) in, at, on

PrepositionEdit

(ā́)

  1. (+ accusative) up to ... exclusively
  2. With senses determined by the ablative case
    1. (+ ablative) up to, to, as far as
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda
      • c. 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE, Atharvaveda
      • 900-1100 AD; copied later, “A problematic inscription (K.1237)”, in Udaya: Journal of Khmer Studies[1], volume 14 (PDF), Yosothor, published 2019, halshs-02168837, page 10:
        វិមទ*យន្តិយេភូមី*
        ទាសាន្ទេវស្យបាបី*នះ
        តេសវ្វ៌នរកេយាន្តុ
        យាតនាមាភវក្ឞយាត៑ ៕
        * Read ទ, មី and បី as ទ៌, មិ and បិ.
        vimardayanti ye bhūmi
        dāsāndevasya pāpinaḥ
        te sarvvanarake yāntu
        yātanām ā bhavakṣayāt· ॥
        May the evil ones who disturb the land and servants of the god undergo torment in every hell until the end of existence.
    2. (+ ablative) from

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Garnier, Romain (2014), “Nouvelles réflexions sur l’effet-Kortlandt”, in Glotta (in French), volume 90, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pages 140-160

SherpaEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

(ā)

  1. Used to represent the [ɑ~ʌ] sound in Sherpa. [2]