HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit घन (ghana).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡʱən/, [ɡʱə̃n̪]

NounEdit

घन (ghanm

  1. cube (polyhedron)
  2. (mathematics) cube (mathematical operation)
    घन करनाghan karnāto cube
    घन मीटरghan mīṭarcubic meter
  3. hammer

DeclensionEdit

AdjectiveEdit

घन (ghan) (indeclinable)

  1. Synonym of घना (ghanā, dense, thick)

Derived termsEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰón-o-s, from *gʷʰen- (to strike, slay). Cognate with Ancient Greek φόνος (phónos, murder, slaughter).

NounEdit

घन (ghanám

  1. a killer, striker, destroyer
  2. slaying
  3. an iron club or a mace; a weapon shaped like a hammer

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of घन (ghaná)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घनः
ghanáḥ
घनौ
ghanaú
घनाः / घनासः¹
ghanā́ḥ / ghanā́saḥ¹
Vocative घन
ghána
घनौ
ghánau
घनाः / घनासः¹
ghánāḥ / ghánāsaḥ¹
Accusative घनम्
ghanám
घनौ
ghanaú
घनान्
ghanā́n
Instrumental घनेन
ghanéna
घनाभ्याम्
ghanā́bhyām
घनैः / घनेभिः¹
ghanaíḥ / ghanébhiḥ¹
Dative घनाय
ghanā́ya
घनाभ्याम्
ghanā́bhyām
घनेभ्यः
ghanébhyaḥ
Ablative घनात्
ghanā́t
घनाभ्याम्
ghanā́bhyām
घनेभ्यः
ghanébhyaḥ
Genitive घनस्य
ghanásya
घनयोः
ghanáyoḥ
घनानाम्
ghanā́nām
Locative घने
ghané
घनयोः
ghanáyoḥ
घनेषु
ghanéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀖𑀡 (ghaṇa)
  • Pali: ghana

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

घन (ghaná)

  1. compact, dense, solid, hard
  2. viscid, thick

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

घन (ghanám

  1. any compact mass or substance