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EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit तर्क (tarka).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

तर्क (tarkm

  1. an argument, reasoning
    Antonym: वितर्क (vitark)
  2. logic
    उसके सोच में कोई तर्क है ही नहीं।
    uske soc mẽ koī tark hai hī nahīn.
    There is no logic in his thoughts.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of तर्क
Singular Plural
Direct तर्क (tark) तर्क (tark)
Oblique तर्क (tark) तर्कों (tarkõ)
Vocative तर्क (tark) तर्को (tarko)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tarkás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *tarkás, from Proto-Indo-European *telkʷ-. Cognate with Latin loquor (to speak, talk), Old Church Slavonic тлъкъ (tlŭkŭ, interpreter) and Old Irish do·tluchethar (to ask), ad·tluchedar (to thank).

Alternative, from Proto-Indo-European *terkʷ- (to turn). Cognate with Latin torqueō (to twist), Hittite 𒋻𒆪𒉿𒀭𒍣 (tarkuwanzi), Old Church Slavonic тракъ (trakŭ), Tocharian B tärk-, and possibly Ancient Greek τρέπω (trépō).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

तर्क (tarkám

  1. conjecture
  2. reasoning, speculation, inquiry
  3. doubt
  4. system or doctrine founded on speculation or reasoning, philosophical system (especially the Nyāya system, but applicable also to any of the six Darśana)
  5. logic, confutation (especially that kind of argument which consists in reduction to absurdity)

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of तर्क (tarká)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तर्कः
tarkáḥ
तर्कौ
tarkaú
तर्काः / तर्कासः¹
tarkā́ḥ / tarkā́saḥ¹
Vocative तर्क
tárka
तर्कौ
tárkau
तर्काः / तर्कासः¹
tárkāḥ / tárkāsaḥ¹
Accusative तर्कम्
tarkám
तर्कौ
tarkaú
तर्कान्
tarkā́n
Instrumental तर्केण
tarkéṇa
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkā́bhyām
तर्कैः / तर्केभिः¹
tarkaíḥ / tarkébhiḥ¹
Dative तर्काय
tarkā́ya
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkā́bhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkébhyaḥ
Ablative तर्कात्
tarkā́t
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkā́bhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkébhyaḥ
Genitive तर्कस्य
tarkásya
तर्कयोः
tarkáyoḥ
तर्काणाम्
tarkā́ṇām
Locative तर्के
tarké
तर्कयोः
tarkáyoḥ
तर्केषु
tarkéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

तर्क (tarkán

  1. a philosophical system

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of तर्क (tarká)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तर्कम्
tarkám
तर्के
tarké
तर्काणि / तर्का¹
tarkā́ṇi / tarkā́¹
Vocative तर्क
tárka
तर्के
tárke
तर्काणि / तर्का¹
tárkāṇi / tárkā¹
Accusative तर्कम्
tarkám
तर्के
tarké
तर्काणि / तर्का¹
tarkā́ṇi / tarkā́¹
Instrumental तर्केण
tarkéṇa
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkā́bhyām
तर्कैः / तर्केभिः¹
tarkaíḥ / tarkébhiḥ¹
Dative तर्काय
tarkā́ya
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkā́bhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkébhyaḥ
Ablative तर्कात्
tarkā́t
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkā́bhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkébhyaḥ
Genitive तर्कस्य
tarkásya
तर्कयोः
tarkáyoḥ
तर्काणाम्
tarkā́ṇām
Locative तर्के
tarké
तर्कयोः
tarkáyoḥ
तर्केषु
tarkéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

ReferencesEdit

  • Monier Williams (1899), “तर्क”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0439.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “TARK”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 633