Awadhi

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (angel, the celestial one).

Noun

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देव (dev) (plural देवन)

  1. deity, god, deva
    • Tulsidas, संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक :
      देवन आनि करी बिनती
      devan āni karī bintī

Hindi

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (deva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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देव (devm (Urdu spelling دیو)

  1. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) deity, god, deva
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:भगवान
Usage notes
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The use of देव (dev) is generally restricted to compound words and proper names (रामदेव (rāmdev), हरदेव (hardev), etc.)

Declension
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Derived terms
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Proper noun

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देव (devm (Urdu spelling دیو)

  1. a male given name, Dev, from Sanskrit
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Classical Persian دیو (dēw).

Noun

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देव (devm (Urdu spelling دیو)

  1. demon
  2. jinn, genie
  3. giant
Declension
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References

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Konkani

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Noun

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देव (devm (Latin script ?, Kannada script ?)

  1. god, deity

Marathi

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Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (deva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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देव (devm

  1. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) deity, god, deva

Declension

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Declension of देव (masc cons-stem)
direct
singular
देव
dev
direct
plural
देव
dev
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
देव
dev
देव
dev
oblique
सामान्यरूप
देवा
devā
देवां-
devān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
देवाला
devālā
देवांना
devānnā
ergative देवाने, देवानं
devāne, devāna
देवांनी
devānnī
instrumental देवाशी
devāśī
देवांशी
devānśī
locative
सप्तमी
देवात
devāt
देवांत
devāt
vocative
संबोधन
देवा
devā
देवांनो
devānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of देव (masc cons-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
देवाचा
devāċā
देवाचे
devāċe
देवाची
devācī
देवाच्या
devācā
देवाचे, देवाचं
devāċe, devāċa
देवाची
devācī
देवाच्या
devācā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
देवांचा
devānċā
देवांचे
devānċe
देवांची
devāñcī
देवांच्या
devāncā
देवांचे, देवांचं
devānċe, devānċa
देवांची
devāñcī
देवांच्या
devāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.
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Proper noun

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देव (devm

  1. a male given name, Dev, from Sanskrit

References

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  • Berntsen, Maxine, “देव”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857) “देव”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Shridhar Ganesh Vaze (1911) “देव”, in The Aryabhusan School Dictionary, Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press

Old Gujarati

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit देव (devá); from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one).

Noun

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देव (devam

  1. god

Pali

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *daywás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one). Cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēuua), Classical Persian دیو (dēv), Latin deus, divus.

Noun

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देव m

  1. Devanagari script form of deva

Declension

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Rajasthani

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Sanskrit देव (deva).

Noun

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देव (dev?

  1. deity
  2. god
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Sanskrit

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Alternative scripts

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *daywás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *daywás, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god, the celestial one). Cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēuua), Classical Persian دیو (dēv), Latin deus, divus.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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देव (devá) stem

  1. heavenly, divine, also said of terrestrial things of high excellence (Rigvedic)

Declension

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Masculine a-stem declension of देव (devá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative देवः
deváḥ
देवौ / देवा¹
devaú / devā́¹
देवाः / देवासः¹
devā́ḥ / devā́saḥ¹
Vocative देव
déva
देवौ / देवा¹
dévau / dévā¹
देवाः / देवासः¹
dévāḥ / dévāsaḥ¹
Accusative देवम्
devám
देवौ / देवा¹
devaú / devā́¹
देवान्
devā́n
Instrumental देवेन
devéna
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवैः / देवेभिः¹
devaíḥ / devébhiḥ¹
Dative देवाय
devā́ya
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Ablative देवात्
devā́t
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Genitive देवस्य
devásya
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवानाम्
devā́nām
Locative देवे
devé
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवेषु
devéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ī-stem declension of देवी (devī́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative देवी
devī́
देव्यौ / देवी¹
devyaù / devī́¹
देव्यः / देवीः¹
devyàḥ / devī́ḥ¹
Vocative देवि
dévi
देव्यौ / देवी¹
dévyau / dévī¹
देव्यः / देवीः¹
dévyaḥ / dévīḥ¹
Accusative देवीम्
devī́m
देव्यौ / देवी¹
devyaù / devī́¹
देवीः
devī́ḥ
Instrumental देव्या
devyā́
देवीभ्याम्
devī́bhyām
देवीभिः
devī́bhiḥ
Dative देव्यै
devyaí
देवीभ्याम्
devī́bhyām
देवीभ्यः
devī́bhyaḥ
Ablative देव्याः / देव्यै²
devyā́ḥ / devyaí²
देवीभ्याम्
devī́bhyām
देवीभ्यः
devī́bhyaḥ
Genitive देव्याः / देव्यै²
devyā́ḥ / devyaí²
देव्योः
devyóḥ
देवीनाम्
devī́nām
Locative देव्याम्
devyā́m
देव्योः
devyóḥ
देवीषु
devī́ṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Brāhmaṇas
Neuter a-stem declension of देव (devá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative देवम्
devám
देवे
devé
देवानि / देवा¹
devā́ni / devā́¹
Vocative देव
déva
देवे
déve
देवानि / देवा¹
dévāni / dévā¹
Accusative देवम्
devám
देवे
devé
देवानि / देवा¹
devā́ni / devā́¹
Instrumental देवेन
devéna
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवैः / देवेभिः¹
devaíḥ / devébhiḥ¹
Dative देवाय
devā́ya
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Ablative देवात्
devā́t
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Genitive देवस्य
devásya
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवानाम्
devā́nām
Locative देवे
devé
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवेषु
devéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Noun

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देव (devá) stemm

  1. deity, god, the gods as the heavenly or shining ones, often reckoned as numbering 33. (Rigvedic, also accented déva according to Panini 3.3.120)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.90.7:
      तं य॒ज्ञं ब॒र्हिषि॒ प्रौक्ष॒न्पुरु॑षं जा॒तम॑ग्र॒तः।
      तेन॑ दे॒वा अ॑यजन्त सा॒ध्या ऋष॑यश्च॒ ये॥
      táṃ yajñáṃ barhíṣi praúkṣanpúruṣaṃ jātámagratáḥ.
      téna devā́ ayajanta sādhyā́ ṛ́ṣayaśca yé.
      They immolated as the victim upon the sacred grass Puruṣa, born before creation;
      with him the deities who were Sādhyas and those who were Ṛṣis sacrificed.
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.13.5:
      अधा॑कृणोः पृथि॒वीं सं॒दृशे॑ दि॒वे यो धौ॑ती॒नाम॑हिह॒न्नारि॑णक्प॒थः।
      तं त्वा॒ स्तोमे॑भिरु॒दभि॒र्न वा॒जिनं॑ दे॒वं दे॒वा अ॑जन॒न्त्सास्यु॒क्थ्य॑:॥
      ádhākṛṇoḥ pṛthivī́ṃ saṃdṛ́śe divé yó dhautīnā́mahihannā́riṇakpatháḥ.
      táṃ tvā stómebhirudábhirná vājínaṃ deváṃ devā́ ajanantsā́syukthyà:.
      You have created earth to look upon the sky: you, slaying Ahi, have set free the river's paths.
      You, such, a god, the gods have quickened with their praises, even as a steed with waters: meet for praise are you.
  2. rarely also of evil demons (Atharvaveda, Taittiriya Samhita)
  3. name of Indra as the god of the sky and giver of rain (Epics)
  4. the image of a god, an idol
  5. a god on earth or among men, either Brahman, priest or king, prince, as a title of honour, especially in the vocative "your majesty" or "your honour" (Rigvedic)
  6. as a given name, diminutive of देवदत्त (devadatta) (Panini 5.3.83)

Declension

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Masculine a-stem declension of देव (devá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative देवः
deváḥ
देवौ / देवा¹
devaú / devā́¹
देवाः / देवासः¹
devā́ḥ / devā́saḥ¹
Vocative देव
déva
देवौ / देवा¹
dévau / dévā¹
देवाः / देवासः¹
dévāḥ / dévāsaḥ¹
Accusative देवम्
devám
देवौ / देवा¹
devaú / devā́¹
देवान्
devā́n
Instrumental देवेन
devéna
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवैः / देवेभिः¹
devaíḥ / devébhiḥ¹
Dative देवाय
devā́ya
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Ablative देवात्
devā́t
देवाभ्याम्
devā́bhyām
देवेभ्यः
devébhyaḥ
Genitive देवस्य
devásya
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवानाम्
devā́nām
Locative देवे
devé
देवयोः
deváyoḥ
देवेषु
devéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Pali: deva (see there for further descendants)
Borrowings

References

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