Uncertain. Cretan and Arcadocypriot form suggest Proto-Hellenic *wíswos. Perhaps from a Proto-Indo-European *weyd-, but no clear cognates exist, except possibly for Slavic *vьśь.
ἴσος • (ísos) m (feminine ἴση, neuter ἴσον); first/second declension
- (of size, strength, or number) equal (to), equivalent (to), the same as [+dative = something, someone]
- (of appearance) like [+dative = something, someone]
- (with implied reference point) like, similar
- (with pronoun) like someone's x
- repeated to denote relationship between equal persons or things
- ἴσα πρὸς ἴσα
- ísa pròs ísa
- tit for tat
- (not comparable, mathematics) equal to [+dative = a number]; (in the plural) equal (to each other)
- (not comparable, geometry, of lines) of equal length; (of shapes) congruent; of equal area
- just, fair
- (comparable, politics) equal in rights, based on equality of rights
- (of persons) impartial
- neuter plural τὰ ἴσα (tà ísa) as substantive: equal rights, equality
- (rare) adequate
- (of land) even, level, flat
- neuter singular (τὸ) ἴσον ((tò) íson) as substantive: level ground
- εἰς τὸ ἴσον
- eis tò íson
- (on)to level ground
- ὡς ἰσαίτατα (hōs isaítata): as equally as possible
384 BCE – 322 BCE
, Constitution of the Athenians
- τοὺς δ᾽ ἑκατὸν ἄνδρας διανεῖμαι σφᾶς τε αὐτοὺς καὶ τοὺς ἄλλους τέτταρα μέρη ὡς ἰσαίτατα
- for the Hundred Men to divide themselves and the others into four divisions as equally as possible
428 BCE – 347 BCE
, Laws 5.744.c
- τὰς τιμάς τε καὶ ἀρχὰς ὡς ἰσαίτατα τῷ ἀνίσῳ συμμέτρῳ δὲ ἀπολαμβάνοντες
- receiving honors and offices as equally as possible by the rule of symmetrical inequality
- ἴσος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- ἴσος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
- «ἴσος» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
- Bauer, Walter et al. (2001) A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, Third edition, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- ἴσος in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
- “G2470”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
- analogous idem, page 28.
- commensurate idem, page 147.
- corresponding idem, page 175.
- disinterested idem, page 234.
- equal idem, page 280.
- equitable idem, page 280.
- equivalent to idem, page 281.
- even idem, page 284.
- fair idem, page 302.
- honest idem, page 404.
- impartial idem, page 419.
- just idem, page 466.
- level idem, page 486.
- like idem, page 491.
- parallel idem, page 591.
- right idem, page 714.
- similar idem, page 776.
- unbiassed idem, page 908.
- unprejudiced idem, page 927.
- upright idem, page 938.