See also: ь, ѣ, Ъ, and Ь
Cirila-ъ-minuskla.svg
ъ U+044A, ъ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
щ
[U+0449]
Cyrillic ы
[U+044B]

TranslingualEdit

 
Cyrillic letter ъ
 
Handwritten forms

Alternative formsEdit

  • (italics) Ъ, ъ

EtymologyEdit

Modification of Glagolitic letter yer’ ().

LetterEdit

ъ (lower case, upper case Ъ)

  1. A letter of the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit


BashkirEdit

LetterEdit

ъ (ʺ) (upper case Ъ)

  1. The thirty-seventh letter of the Bashkir alphabet

See alsoEdit


BulgarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ъ (ǎ) (lower case, upper case Ъ)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, called ер голя́м and written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: щ (št)
  • Next letter: ь (ʹ)

KazakhEdit

LetterEdit

ъ (ʺ) (lower case, upper case Ъ)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Kazakh Cyrillic alphabet

See alsoEdit


MongolianEdit

LetterEdit

ъ (i) (uppercase Ъ) (italics: Ъ, ъ)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Mongolian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit


RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

This letter has no pronunciation of its own. It instead functions as a graphic sign.

LetterEdit

ъ (lower case, upper case Ъ)

  1. The letter твёрдый знак (tvjórdyj znak, hard sign), the twenty-eighth letter of the Russian alphabet

Usage notesEdit

In Russian, this letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced hard (i.e., unpalatalized). Some writers use ' (apostrophe) instead of ъ, e.g. съезд (sʺjezd)с'езд (sʺjezd), which is considered non-standard or obsolete.

Before the 1918 spelling reform, ъ also appeared after every final consonant (e.g. грѣхъ (grěx, sin, fault)), or after words like въ (v, in, to) and съ (s, with) that are nowadays spelled as only a single consonant. After the 1918 spelling reform when the usage of ъ was heavily reduced, some typewriters did not have the letter at all, forcing people to use ' (apostrophe).

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: щ (šč)
  • Next letter: ы (y)
  • Soft sign: ь (ʹ)