JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese. First appears in 762 C.E.. Cognate with Japanese (sumi, India ink).[1]

In turn, from Proto-Japonic *sumi. Cognate with Miyako (sum), Okinawan (shimi), Yaeyama (sïn).

Possibly derived from the homophonous 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) 済み (sumi) of verb 済む (sumu, to finish, to conclude), from the way that cinders are left after a fire has finished burning.

Possibly also related to (susu, soot).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. a coal or cinder from a fire
    Synonym: (literally “extinguished coal/cinder”) 消し炭 (keshizumi)
  2. charcoal
    Synonyms: (literally “wood charcoal”) 木炭 (mokutan), (rare reading) 木炭 (kizumi), (very rare as standalone noun; see below) (tan)
  3. (rare) coal (fossil fuel)
    Synonyms: (literally “stone charcoal”) 石炭 (sekitan), (rare reading) 石炭 (ishizumi), (very rare as standalone noun; see below) (tan)

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative spelling

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. ink

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative spelling
済み

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. completion, finish
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. stem or continuative form of すむ (sumu) [godan]

Etymology 4Edit

Alternative spellings

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. corner (e.g., of a room or board surface); nook
See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

すみ (Sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. a surname

Etymology 5Edit

Alternative spelling
酸味

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

すみ (sumiすみ (sumi)?

  1. sour taste

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

OkinawanEdit

NounEdit

すみ (romaji sumi)

  1. 趣味: hobby; taste, preference