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U+5473, 味
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5473

[U+5472]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5474]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 口十木 (RJD), four-corner 65090, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 182, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3456
  • Dae Jaweon: page 401, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 597, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5473

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mids
*mrɯds
*mrɯds
*mɯːds
*mɯːds
*maːds, *mɯːds
*maːds, *hmɯːds, *mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯds): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *mɯds).

EtymologyEdit

Schuessler (2007) compared this word with Proto-Monic *[ʔ]məp ("good tasting, have a pleasant flavour, be pleasant") > Mon မိပ် (mìp, to be happy, to enjoy). Unger (1992) connects this with Tibetan བྲོད (brod) (< བྲོ (bro, to taste)). Also compare Korean (mas, “taste”) / (mes, “taste; charm”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ê - taste, smell, food;
  • mê - (figurative) taste, fun, interest.
Note:
  • 3mi - colloquial;
  • 3vi - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵¹/
Harbin /uei⁵³/
Tianjin /vei⁵³/
Jinan /vei²¹/
Qingdao /ve⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uei³¹²/
Xi'an /vi⁴⁴/
Xining /uɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /vei¹³/
Lanzhou /vei¹³/
Ürümqi /vei²¹³/
Wuhan /uei³⁵/
Chengdu /uei¹³/
Guiyang /uei²¹³/
Kunming /uei²¹²/
Nanjing /uəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /ue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /uei³⁵/
Hohhot /vei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /mi²³/
/vi²³/
Suzhou /vi³¹/
/mi³¹/
Hangzhou /vi¹³/
Wenzhou /mei²²/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁵⁵/
/uei¹¹/
Xiangtan /uəi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /mi⁵³/
Taoyuan /mui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mei²²/
Nanning /mi²²/
Hong Kong /mei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bi²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /bi³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mʉiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mʷɨiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuəiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mujH/
Li
Rong
/miuəiH/
Wang
Li
/mĭwəiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mwe̯iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wèi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjɨjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m[ə]t-s/
English taste (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12918
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. taste; flavor
  2. smell; odor (Classifier: m; 𠹻 c)
    點解好似𠹻 [Cantonese, trad.]
    点解好似𠹻 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Dim2 gaai2 nei5 gaan1 fong4-2 hou2 ci5 jau5 zam6 mei6 ge3? [Jyutping]
    Why does your room seem like there is some smell?
  3. food
      ―  hǎiwèi  ―  seafood [i.e. taste of the sea]
  4. to taste; to reflect on; to experience
      ―  pǐnwèi  ―  to taste; to appreciate
  5. interest; fun; taste
      ―  wèi  ―  meaning
      ―  wèi  ―  fun; taste
  6. Classifier for ingredients of a Chinese medicine prescription.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 味道 (“taste; flavour”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 味道
Mandarin Beijing 味兒
Taiwan 味道
Jinan 味兒
Xi'an 味道
Wuhan 味口
Chengdu 味道
Yangzhou 味道
Hefei 味道
Cantonese Guangzhou 味道
Hong Kong 味道
Hong Kong (Weitou) 味道
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 味道
Hakka Meixian 味道
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 味緒味道
Liudui (S. Sixian) 味緒味道
Hsinchu (Hailu) 味緒味道
Dongshi (Dabu) 味緒味道
Zhuolan (Raoping) 味緒味道
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 味素味緒味道
Hong Kong
Singkawang
Jin Taiyuan 味兒味道
Min Bei Jian'ou 味道
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 味素
Quanzhou 味素
Zhangzhou 味素
Penang 味素
Chaozhou 味素味道
Wu Suzhou 味道
Wenzhou 味道
Xiang Changsha 味道
Shuangfeng 味道
Dialectal synonyms of 氣味 (“smell; odour”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 氣味
Mandarin Beijing 味兒
Taiwan
Jinan 味兒
Xi'an 味兒味氣
Wuhan 氣味氣色
Chengdu 氣氣味道
Yangzhou 味道
Hefei 味道氣味
Cantonese Guangzhou 𡃴
Hong Kong 𡃴
Hong Kong (Weitou) 𡃴
Yangjiang 𡃴
Gan Nanchang 氣味
Hakka Meixian 味道氣味
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 味道氣味
Liudui (S. Sixian) 味道氣味
Hsinchu (Hailu) 味道氣味
Dongshi (Dabu) 味道氣味
Zhuolan (Raoping) 味道氣味
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 味道氣味
Hong Kong
Jin Taiyuan 味氣
Min Bei Jian'ou 味道氣色
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 味素
Quanzhou 味素
Zhangzhou
Chaozhou 味素氣味
Wu Suzhou 味道氣味
Wenzhou 氣道
Xiang Changsha 氣色味道氣味
Shuangfeng 氣色

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  () (mi);  () (bi)
  • Korean: (, mi)
  • Vietnamese: vị ()

Others:

  • Proto-Hmong-Mien: *hmeiᴴ (taste; to try)
  • Vietnamese: mùi (smell)

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mi) (hangeul , revised mi, McCune-Reischauer mi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vị, mùi, mồi)

  1. Nôm form of mùi, “smell; scent
  2. Hán tự form of vị, “taste; flavor