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U+5473, 味
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5473

[U+5472]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5474]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 口十木 (RJD), four-corner 65090, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 182, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3456
  • Dae Jaweon: page 401, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 597, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5473

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mids
*mrɯds
*mrɯds
*mɯːds
*mɯːds
*maːds, *mɯːds
*maːds, *hmɯːds, *mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯds): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *mɯds).

EtymologyEdit

Schuessler (2007) compared this word with Proto-Monic *[ʔ]məp ("good tasting, have a pleasant flavour, be pleasant") > Mon မိပ် (mìp, to be happy, to enjoy). Unger (1992) connects this with Tibetan བྲོད (brod) (< བྲོ (bro, to taste)). Also compare Korean (mas, “taste”) / (mes, “taste; charm”).

PronunciationEdit


Note: mei6-2 - classifier.
Note:
  • ê - taste, smell, food;
  • mê - (figurative) taste, fun, interest.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3mi - colloquial;
    • 3vi - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵¹/
    Harbin /uei⁵³/
    Tianjin /vei⁵³/
    Jinan /vei²¹/
    Qingdao /ve⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uei³¹²/
    Xi'an /vi⁴⁴/
    Xining /uɨ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /vei¹³/
    Lanzhou /vei¹³/
    Ürümqi /vei²¹³/
    Wuhan /uei³⁵/
    Chengdu /uei¹³/
    Guiyang /uei²¹³/
    Kunming /uei²¹²/
    Nanjing /uəi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ue⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /vei⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /uei³⁵/
    Hohhot /vei⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /mi²³/
    /vi²³/
    Suzhou /vi³¹/
    /mi³¹/
    Hangzhou /vi¹³/
    Wenzhou /mei²²/
    Hui Shexian /ue²²/
    Tunxi /ue¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /uei⁵⁵/
    /uei¹¹/
    Xiangtan /uəi²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ui²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /mi⁵³/
    Taoyuan /mui⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mei²²/
    Nanning /mi²²/
    Hong Kong /mei²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bi²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛi²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mi⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /bi³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vi²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (21)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mʉiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mʷɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mujH/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭwəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mwe̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wèi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjɨjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m[ə]t-s/
    English taste (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12918
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯds/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. taste; flavor
    2. smell; odor (Classifier: m; 𠹻 c)
      點解好似𠹻 [Cantonese, trad.]
      点解好似𠹻 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Dim2 gaai2 nei5 gaan1 fong4-2 hou2 ci5 jau5 zam6 mei6 ge3? [Jyutping]
      Why does your room seem like there is some smell?
    3. food
        ―  hǎiwèi  ―  seafood [i.e. taste of the sea]
    4. to taste; to reflect on; to experience
        ―  pǐnwèi  ―  to taste; to appreciate
    5. interest; fun; taste
        ―  wèi  ―  meaning
        ―  wèi  ―  fun; taste
    6. Classifier for ingredients of a Chinese medicine prescription.
    7. Classifier for dishes.
      今日胃口 [Cantonese, trad.]
      今日𩠌胃口 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Gam1 jat6 mei6 mei6 sung3 dou1 ngaam1 saai3 ngo5 wai6 hau2. [Jyutping]
      Every dish here today is my kind of food.
      / [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 jyu4 gei2 mei6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  one fish, several dishes
    8. (Cantonese) Classifier for things: kind; sort
      惡搞 [Cantonese, trad.]
      恶搞 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Ni1 mei6-2 je5 taai3 ok3 gaau2 laa3. [Jyutping]
      This kind of stuff is too hard to handle.
      原來中意 [Cantonese, trad.]
      原来中意𠮶 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Jyun4 loi4 nei5 zung1 ji3 go2 mei6-2 je5 ge3. [Jyutping]
      So you like that kind of stuff.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 味道 (“taste; flavour”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 味道
    Mandarin Beijing 味兒
    Taiwan 味道,
    Jinan 味兒
    Xi'an 味道
    Wuhan 味口,
    Chengdu 味道
    Yangzhou 味道
    Hefei 味道
    Cantonese Guangzhou 味道,
    Hong Kong 味道,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 味道
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 味道
    Hakka Meixian 味道
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 味緒, 味道
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 味緒, 味道
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 味緒, 味道
    Dongshi (Dabu) 味緒, 味道
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 味緒, 味道
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 味素, 味緒, 味道
    Hong Kong
    Singkawang
    Jin Taiyuan 味兒, 味道
    Min Bei Jian'ou 味道
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen , 味素
    Quanzhou , 味素
    Zhangzhou , 味素
    Penang 味素
    Philippines (Manila) , 味素
    Chaozhou 味素, 味道
    Wu Suzhou 味道
    Wenzhou 味道
    Xiang Changsha 味道
    Shuangfeng 味道
    Dialectal synonyms of 氣味 (“smell; odour”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 氣味
    Mandarin Beijing 味兒
    Taiwan
    Jinan 味兒
    Xi'an 味兒, 味氣
    Wuhan 氣味, 氣色
    Chengdu 氣氣, 味道
    Yangzhou 味道
    Hefei 味道, 氣味
    Cantonese Guangzhou , 𡃴
    Hong Kong , 𡃴
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 𡃴
    Yangjiang , 𡃴
    Gan Nanchang 氣味
    Hakka Meixian 味道, 氣味
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 味道, 氣味
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 味道, 氣味
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 味道, 氣味
    Dongshi (Dabu) 味道, 氣味
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 味道, 氣味
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 味道, 氣味
    Hong Kong
    Jin Taiyuan 味氣
    Min Bei Jian'ou 味道, 氣色
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen , 味素
    Quanzhou , 味素
    Zhangzhou
    Philippines (Manila) , 味素
    Chaozhou , 味素, , 氣味
    Wu Suzhou 味道, 氣味
    Wenzhou 氣道
    Xiang Changsha 氣色, 味道, 氣味
    Shuangfeng 氣色,

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Others:

    • Hmong-Mien: *hmeiᴴ (taste; to try)
    • Vietnamese: mùi (smell)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あじ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    /adi//ad͡ʑi//aʑi/

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    AdjectiveEdit

    (-na inflection, hiragana あじ, rōmaji aji, historical hiragana あぢ)

    1. clever, smart, witty
    2. mysterious, strange
    InflectionEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あじ, rōmaji aji, historical hiragana あぢ)

    1. a flavour (UK)/flavor (US), taste
      • 2006 April 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “ソウレンキンピリオド [Armed Alchemy: The End]”, in ソウレンキン [Armed Alchemy], volume 10, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
         ()べる?ママの (あじ)  (せい) (かく)にはママの () () (そこ)ないの ()れの ()ての (あじ)
        Taberu? Mama no aji Seikaku ni wa mama no dekisokonai no nare no hate no aji
        You want some? It has my mom’s taste. Well, actually it has the taste of my failed attempts at cloning her taste.
      Synonym: 味覚 (mikaku)
    2. feeling, sensation
      Synonym: 感触 (kanshoku)
    3. experience, taste
      Synonym: 味わい (ajiwai)
    4. (go) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC mʉiH).

    Also used in Old Japanese as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨mi2.

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji mi)

    1. flavor, taste
    2. tasting, savoring
    3. taste, savor
    4. Alternative spelling of (mi): body part
    Derived termsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji mi)

    1. a flavour (UK)/flavor (US), taste
      Synonym: 味覚 (mikaku)
    Derived termsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -mi)

    1. counter for kinds of food, drink, medicine, etc.
    2. (after an i-adjective stem) Alternative spelling of (mi): -ness
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (mi) (hangeul , revised mi, McCune–Reischauer mi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Old JapaneseEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

      This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    NounEdit

    (adi) (kana あぢ)

    1. flavor, flavour
    Derived termsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    • Japanese: (aji)
    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PrefixEdit

    (uma-) (kana うま)

    1. Alternative spelling of (uma-): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived termsEdit

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (vị, mùi, mồi)

    1. Nôm form of mùi (smell; scent).
    2. Hán tự form of vị (taste; flavor).