ChineseEdit

 
up; on; on top
up; on; on top; upon; first; previous or last; upper; higher; above; previous; to climb; to go into; to go up
 
to walk; to tour; to roam
to walk; to tour; to roam; to swim; to travel
simp. and trad.
(上游)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (25) (36)
Final () (105) (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨɐŋH/ /jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɐŋH/ /jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɑŋH/ /iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨaŋH/ /juw/
Li
Rong
/ʑiaŋH/ /iu/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭaŋH/ /jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯aŋH/ /i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàng yóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shàng yóu yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyangH › ‹ yuw › ‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*daŋʔ-s/ /*[N-]ru/ /*[N-]ru/
English top, above (n.) float, swim float, swim

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 11103 15545
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djaŋs/ /*lu/

NounEdit

上游

  1. upper reaches; upstream portion of a river
  2. (figuratively) favourable position; advantage; edge
  3. (figuratively) (one's) superior; superordinate
  4. (open-source software) upstream

AntonymsEdit