TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
時-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

There are multiple possibilities:

  • Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  ‎(time) +  (phonetic)
  • Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(time) +  ‎(temple)

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 日土木戈 (AGDI), four-corner 64041, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 494, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 859, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1505, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6642

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (時), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 市之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨ/ /ʑi/ /ʑiə/ /d͡ʑɨ/ /d͡ʑɨ/ /ʑĭə/ /d͡ʑie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ dzyi › /*[d]ə (~ *[d]əʔ)/ time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12042 0 /*djɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. when, time when
  2. time, season
  3. hour
  4. era, age, period

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
とき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とき, romaji toki)

  1. time
    • 2011, オワタP, アンデルツェ
       (とき) (もど)せない
      toki wa modosenai
      Time is irreversible
  2. a case; occasion; time
    現実逃避 (げんじつとうひ) (とき)はWiktionaryを編集 (へんしゅう)します。
    Genjitsu tōhi no toki wa Wiktionary o henshū shimasu.
    I edit Wiktionary when escaping reality.
     (こま)った (とき) (わたし)相談 (そうだん)してください。
    Komatta toki wa watashi ni sōdan shite kudasai.
    Please consult with me when troubled (in times of trouble).
  3. time of something
  4. a season
  5. a tense

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. hour, o’clock
    時計見ると、ちょうど十二三十四五十六だった。
    とけいみると、ちょうどじゅうにさんじゅうよんぷんごじゅうろくびょうだった。
    Tokei o miru to, chōdo jūni-ji sanjūyon-pun gojūroku-byō datta.
    When I looked at the clock, it was just 56 seconds past 12:34.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. at the time of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(si) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer si, Yale si)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thì, thời)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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