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See also: 𠅙
U+4EAE, 亮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EAE

[U+4EAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EAF]
U+F977, 亮
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F977

[U+F976]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F978]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 8, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月山 (YRBU), four-corner 00217, composition ⿱⿳(G) or ⿱⿳(HTJK or U+F977))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 89, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 304
  • Dae Jaweon: page 188, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 286, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EAE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠅙

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raŋs): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *kraŋ, building; tower).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • liōng - literary;
    • liāng - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /liɑŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /liaŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /liɑŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /liaŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /liaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /liaŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /liaŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /liɔ̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /liɑŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /liɑ̃¹³/
    Ürümqi /liɑŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /niaŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /niaŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /niaŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /liã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /liaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /liɑ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /liɒ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /liɑŋ³⁵/
    /luə³⁵/
    Hohhot /liɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /liã²³/
    Suzhou /liã³¹/
    Hangzhou /liɑŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /li²²/
    Hui Shexian /lia²²/
    Tunxi /liau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /lian⁵⁵/
    /lian¹¹/
    Xiangtan /nian²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /liɔŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /lioŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /lioŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lœŋ²²/
    Nanning /lœŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /lœŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɔŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /liɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /liaŋ³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /liaŋ³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /liaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljangH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]aŋ-s/
    English brightness

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8062
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bright; brilliant; radiant
    2. loud and clear
    3. (dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Wu, Xiang) lamp; light
    4. to shine; to illuminate
      天色 星星 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      From: 張露 (lyricist 秦冠), 《小小羊兒要回家》
      tiānsè yǐ àn la; xīngxing yě liàng la [Pinyin]
      The sky has already darkened, and the stars have begun to show
    5. to make one's voice loud and clear; to raise one's voice
    6. to reveal; to disclose

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“bright”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Yangjiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. clear
    2. help

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 95
    • Halpern: 2071
    • Halpern Learners: 1313
    • Heisig: 2920
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2j7.6
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana りょう, rōmaji Ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

    1. A male given name

    (hiragana あきら, rōmaji Akira)

    1. A male given name

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ryang) (hangeul , revised ryang, McCune–Reischauer ryang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lượng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit