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ChineseEdit

eight out of practice; uncultivated
simp. and trad.
(八荒)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (1) (32) (32)
Final () (75) (102) (102)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Closed Closed
Division () II I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠɛt̚/ /hwɑŋ/ /hwɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚæt̚/ /hʷɑŋ/ /hʷɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pæt̚/ /xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pəɨt̚/ /hwaŋ/ /hwaŋH/
Li
Rong
/pɛt̚/ /xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/pæt̚/ /xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pat̚/ /xwɑŋ/ /xwɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ba huāng huàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pɛt › ‹ xwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤret/ /*m̥ˤaŋ/
English eight wasteland; uncultivated land

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 89 12649 12659
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*preːd/ /*hmaːŋ/ /*hmaːŋs/

NounEdit

八荒

  1. places that is most remote and faraway
  2. world

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
はち > はっ
Grade: 1
こう
Grade: S

EtymologyEdit

/hakkwau/ > /hakkwoː/ > /hakkoː/. Literally the eight corners of the land. The eight corners are in the north, south, east, west, northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest and is a reference to the land as a whole.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

八荒 (hiragana はっこう, rōmaji hakkō, historical hiragana はっくゎう)

  1. the eight corners of the earth
  2. the world as a whole

See alsoEdit