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See also:
U+8352, 荒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8352

[U+8351]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8353]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿卜女山 (TYVU), four-corner 44211, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1031, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1490, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3209, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8352

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs): semantic  (grass, plant) + phonetic  (OC *hmaːŋ). Note: The middle part could be found as instead of .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ma (not). Cognate with (OC *maŋ, “to disappear”). The voiceless initial is possibly from the devoicing effect of an early (i.e. Proto-Sino-Tibetan) causative prefix *s- on (i.e. PST *s-maŋ > *hmaŋ > Middle Chinese hwɑŋ) which was subsequently lost.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hong - literary;
  • hng/huiⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (32)
Final () (102) (102)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hwɑŋ/ /hwɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷɑŋ/ /hʷɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaŋ/ /hwaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwɑŋ/ /xwɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huāng huàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤaŋ/
English wasteland; uncultivated land

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12649 12659
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmaːŋ/ /*hmaːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wasteland, desert
  2. uncultivated

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwang) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoang, hoăng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.