ChineseEdit

how can one help good; very; very much
simp. and trad.
(奈良)

EtymologyEdit

Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 奈良 (Nara).

PronunciationEdit


Proper nounEdit

奈良

  1. () Nara (a prefecture of Japan)
  2. () Nara (a city in Nara Prefecture, Japan)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
(ateji)

Grade: 4
(ateji)
goon nanori
Alternative spellings
寧楽
平城
 
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Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese.

Various ancient spellings suggest forms ending in -ku or -ki. This latter element is not attested past the Old Japanese stage:

奈羅, 那羅, , 儺羅 名良, 奈良, 那良 那楽, 寧楽 平城  ⟨nara⟩  ⟨nara⟩  ⟨naraku⟩  ⟨naraki2   /nara/  */naraᵑ/  */narakʉ/  */narakɨ/ /nara/

According to the Nihon Shoki (720 C.E.), the placename is derived from the Japanese verb 均す, 平す (narasu, to flatten).[1] In The Study of Place Names, Kunio Yanagida stated, “Nara stands for ‘flatland’.”[2]

However, an analysis of Old Japanese phonetic spellings (man'yōgana) reveals that the city name was often spelled with a final -ku or -ki element, which makes it phonologically unlikely that the city name derives directly from the verb narasu. The root from which the verb itself derives, nar-, appears in various terms related to “flat” or “flatness”, a fitting descriptor for the local geography. The final -ku or -ki element in the ancient spellings may be Old Japanese (ki2 → ki, palisade, stronghold, fortress, castle), as also suggested in the alternative kanji spelling 平城 (literally flat stronghold). See also the discussion of the city name's etymology on Wikipedia.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

()() (Nara

  1. a placename, especially:
    1. Short for 奈良県 (Nara-ken): Nara Prefecture
    2. Short for 奈良市 (Nara-shi): the capital city of Nara in northern Nara Prefecture
  2. a surname

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ On the tenth year of Emperor Sujin's reign, Water Rat day of the ninth month, “then, leading selected soldiers, (the rebels) went forward, climbed Nara-yama (hills lying to the north of Heijō-kyō) and put them in order. Now the imperial forces gathered and flattened trees and plants. Therefore, the mountain is called Nara-yama.”
  2. ^ 柳田国男 YANAGIDA Kunio (1936), 『地名の研究』 (The Study of Place Names), 古今書院, pp.217-219
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Old JapaneseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Nihon Shoki (720 C.E.):

則率精兵、進登那羅山而軍之。時官軍屯聚、而蹢草木。因以號其山那羅山。〈蹢跙、此云布瀰那羅須
The selected soldiers went forward, climbed Nara-yama, and put them in order. Now the imperial forces gathered and flattened trees and plants. Therefore, the mountain is called Nara-yama (“Flattened” is read as fuminarasu).

However, analysis of phonetic spellings reveals that the placename was often spelled with a final -ku or -ki2 element.

Proper nounEdit

奈良 (Nara) (kana なら)

  1. a placename in 大和 (Yamato2, Yamato Province), the seat of power of the ancient Yamato court

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: 奈良 (Nara)