See also:
U+5948, 奈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5948

[U+5947]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5949]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 37, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大一一火 (KMMF), four-corner 40901, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 251, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 511, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 532, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5948

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

A variant of .

EtymologyEdit

(Sense 3) Borrowed from English nano-.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ta/tai/tā - vernacular (limited, e.g. 無奈何);
  • nāi - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (8) (8)
Final () (25) (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/najH/ /naH/
Li
Rong
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Wang
Li
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nài nuò
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nài
Middle
Chinese
‹ najH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁa[t]-s/
English cope with

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9349 9350
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːls/ /*naːds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. how; why (used in rhetorical questions)
  2. to bear; to stand; to endure
  3. (Taiwan) nano- (SI unit prefix)
    Synonym: ((Mainland China)

See alsoEdit

SI prefix
Last Next
/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. Abbreviation of 奈良: the city of Nara
  2. what
  3. (obsolete) apple tree

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(からなし) (karanashi

  1. Obsolete form of 唐梨 (red apple).
  2. (by extension) Obsolete spelling of 林檎 (apple)

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

(いかん) (ikan

  1. Alternative form of 奈何 (what)

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC nɑiH).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 어찌 (eojji nae))

  1. Hanja form? of (but; how).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MCH).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 어찌 (eojji na))

  1. Hanja form? of (but; how).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nại, nhự)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.