See also: and
U+7E23, 縣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7E23

[U+7E22]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7E24]

Translingual

edit
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 120, +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月火竹女火 (BFHVF), four-corner 62993, composition ⿰⿱⿴𠀃(GTV) or (HJK))

Derived characters

edit

Descendants

edit
  • (simplification)
    • also simplified within the compound character from
  • (simplification)

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 934, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27784
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1373, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3435, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7E23

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp.
alternative forms
 
Map including Fang County (labeled as FANG-HSIEN (walled)) and Yun County (labeled as YÜN-HSIEN (YÜN-YANG) (walled)) in Shiyan, western Hubei Province, China (AMS, 1954)

Glyph origin

edit
Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Shuowen: Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : 𥄉 + – to hang 系 by the head 𥄉 (hair hanging down).

Original form of . Originally in bronze and bamboo slip scripts, Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : + + - to hang with the string 糸 by the head 目 (using an eye to represent a head) on a tree 木. In Qin bamboo slip scripts, some of + were corrupted to (with one straight horizontal line rather than 𠃊) which interpreted to a reversed head by Shuowen, and 糸 was corrupted to .

Etymology 1

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Note:
  • koāiⁿ/kūiⁿ/koān - vernacular;
  • hiān - literary.
Note: guain7 - Chaoyang.
Note:
  • xienn5 - vernacular;
  • xienn4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵¹/
    Harbin /ɕian⁵³/
    Tianjin /ɕian⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕiã²¹/
    Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕian³¹²/
    Xi'an /ɕiã⁴⁴/
    Xining /ɕiã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ɕian¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕian²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕiɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕian¹³/
    Guiyang /ɕian²¹³/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /ɕien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ɕie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
    Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy²²/
    Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
    Tunxi /yɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
    /ɕiẽ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕiẽ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²²/
    Nanning /jin²²/
    /yn²²/
    Hong Kong /jyn²²/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /hian²²/
    /kuãi²²/
    Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /kaiŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Northern Min) /kyiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Teochew) /kũi³¹/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /sin³⁵/
    /kɔi²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (86)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Baxter hwenH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦwenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣiwenH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣiwenH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyun6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.[ɡ]ʷˁe[n]-s/
    English district

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13578
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷeːns/

    Definitions

    edit

    1. A type of administrative division:
      1. (historical, in ancient China) district; prefecture
      2. (in Mainland China) county (third level division that is now generally restricted to rural areas, contrasted with urban districts ( ()))
      3. (in Taiwan) county (first level division that used to be under the jurisdiction of a province but are now directly administered by the central government)
      4. (in Japan) prefecture
      5. (in the United States) county (second level division under the jurisdiction of a state, excluding Alaska and Louisiana)
        洛杉磯洛杉矶  ―  luòshānjī xiàn  ―  Los Angeles County
    2. (in many cases but not always) county seat (the town which serves as the seat of government of such divisions)
    3. a surname
    See also
    edit
    • (first-level divisions): (shěng), (shì); (dào) (historical)
    • (second-level divisions): (); (zhōu), (shì), (), (jùn), (dào) (historical)

    Compounds

    edit

    Descendants

    edit
    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (けん) (ken); (げん) (gen)
    • Korean: 현(縣) (hyeon)
    • Vietnamese: huyện ()

    Others:

    Etymology 2

    edit

    Pronunciation

    edit


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (86)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Baxter hwen
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦwen/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷen/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɛn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwɛn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuen/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣiwen/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣiwen/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyun4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ʷˁe[n]/
    English suspend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13576
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷeːn/

    Definitions

    edit

    1. Alternative form of (xuán, to hang; to suspend)

    Japanese

    edit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji

    edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings

    edit

    Korean

    edit

    Hanja

    edit

    (eumhun 고을 (go'eul hyeon))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    (eumhun 매달 (maedal hyeon))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese

    edit

    Han character

    edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: huyện

    1. chữ Hán form of huyện (district).