ChineseEdit

mountain; hill west
simp. and trad.
(山西)
西
anagram 西山
Literally: “west of the mountain”.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

EtymologyEdit

Shanxi
From the position of the province's central Fen River valley west of the Taihang Mountains.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (16)
Final () (73) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠɛn/ /sei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚæn/ /sei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃæn/ /sɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂəɨn/ /sɛj/
Li
Rong
/ʃɛn/ /sei/
Wang
Li
/ʃæn/ /siei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂăn/ /siei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西 西
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shān
Middle
Chinese
‹ srɛn › ‹ sej › ‹ sej ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ŋrar/ /*s-nˁər/ /*s-nˁər/
English mountain, hill west west

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11052 13236
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*sreːn/ /*sɯːl/

Proper nounEdit

山西

  1. () Shanxi (a province of China)
  2. (historical, specifically) the area to the west of the Taihang Mountains
  3. (historical, specifically) the area to the west of Mount Hua

NounEdit

山西

  1. west of the mountain (in general)

Related termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
西
さん
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Proper nounEdit

山西(さんせい) (Sansei)

  1. Shanxi province

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
西
やま
Grade: 1
にし
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Proper nounEdit

山西(やまにし) (Yamanishi)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term
西

Proper nounEdit

山西 (Sanseo) (hangeul 산서)

  1. Hanja form? of 산서 (Shanxi).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term
西

Proper nounEdit

山西

  1. Hán tự form of Sơn Tây (Shanxi).