Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹大心 (HKP) or 一大心 (MKP), four-corner 20333, composition or ⿱)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 377, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10348
  • Dae Jaweon: page 704, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2279, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5FDD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (6)
Final () (157) (157)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰemX/ /tʰemH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰemX/ /tʰemH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛmX/ /tʰɛmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛmX/ /tʰɛmH/
Li
Rong
/tʰemX/ /tʰemH/
Wang
Li
/tʰiemX/ /tʰiemH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰiemX/ /tʰiemH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tiǎn tiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tiǎn tiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ themX › ‹ themH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤ[i]mʔ/ /*l̥ˤ[i]mʔ-s/
English disgrace (v.) disgrace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12382 12385
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰiːmʔ/ /*l̥ʰiːms/

VerbEdit

  1. (literary) to shame

AdverbEdit

  1. (literary, self-deprecating) ashamedly; with disgrace

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

(Min Nan)

  1. tired
  2. serious; intense
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thỏm, thiểm)

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ReferencesEdit

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