Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old Chinese *niəm (Middle Chinese 去), *njəm (MC 上) (Li Fanggui (1971)). Cognate with Old Tibetan ཉམ, ཉམས ‎(nyam(s), soul, mind, heart), སྙམ་པ ‎(snyam-pa, to think, to mind).[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓心 (OINP), four-corner 80332, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 378, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 706, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2274, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FF5
  1. ^ 《汉藏语同源词综探》,全广镇

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (8)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nemH/ /niemH/ /nemH/ /nemH/ /nɛmH/ /niemH/ /nɛmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
niàn ‹ nemH › /*nˤim-s/ think of

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6588 1 /*nɯːms/ 或以心含會意

VerbEdit

  1. think of, recall
  2. study
  3. (same as 廿) twenty (20)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ねん, romaji nen)

  1. sense
  2. feeling

CompoundsEdit

  • 念仏 (ねんぶつ, nenbutsu)
  • 四念処 (しねんじょ, shinenjo) : Maha SatiPatthana

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(nyeom, yeom) (hangeul , , revised nyeom, nyum, yeom, yum, McCune-Reischauer nyŏm, yŏm, Yale nyem, yem)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(niệm, niềm, núm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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