U+4FB5, 侵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FB5

[U+4FB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FB6]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人尸一水 (OSME), four-corner 27247, composition 𠬶)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 103, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 646
  • Dae Jaweon: page 218, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 166, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+4FB5

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

According to Shuowen, an ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (person) + (broom) + (hand) – a person with a broom in hand.

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. ⿰亻彐
alternative forms
𢔀

Two Sino-Tibetan etymologies are possible:

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰin²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰin¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰin⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰim⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sim²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sim²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tshim
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰim/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰim/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiəm/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cam1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ][i]m/
English invade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10484
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰim/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) to gradually go in
  2. to invade; to encroach
      ―  qīnlüè  ―  to invade
  3. approaching
      ―  qīnchén  ―  the approach of daybreak
  4. a surname

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

(Cantonese)

  1. to add in (water or other fluid)
  2. to allow (somebody) to join
    佢哋 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    keoi5 dei6 m4 cam1 ngo5 waan4-2. [Jyutping]
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

侵󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
侵󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to invade
  2. to raid
  3. to encroach, to trespass
  4. to violate

Readings edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (chim))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: xâm, xăm, xơm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References edit