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U+4FB5, 侵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FB5

[U+4FB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FB6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人尸一水 (OSME), four-corner 27247, composition𠬶)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 103, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 646
  • Dae Jaweon: page 218, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 166, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+4FB5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𢔀

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsem, *sʰem, *sʰimʔ
*sem, *ʔsim, *sʰim
*ʔsim, *ʔsims
*ʔsim, *zim
*ʔsim, *sʰimʔ, *sʰrim
*ʔsimʔ, *ʔsims
*ʔsims, *sʰim
*sʰim
*sʰim, *sʰrim
*sʰimʔ
*sʰimʔ
*srim

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰin²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰin¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰin⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiñ³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰim⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sim²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sim²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰim/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰim/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiəm/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ][i]m/
English invade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10484
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰim/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to gradually go in
  2. to invade; to encroach
  3. approaching
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xâm, xăm, xơm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit