See also: s̈ha'me
Etymology 1 Edit
- Uncomfortable or painful feeling due to recognition or consciousness of one's own impropriety or dishonor, or something being exposed that should have been kept private.
- When I realized that I had hurt my friend, I felt deep shame.
- The teenager couldn’t bear the shame of introducing his parents.
- 1564 February, Erasmus, “The Saiynges of Aristippus”, in Nicolas Udall [i.e., Nicholas Udall], transl., Apophthegmes, that is to Saie, Prompte, Quicke, Wittie and Sentẽcious Saiynges, […], London: […] Ihon Kingston, →OCLC, book I, folio 43, verso, paragraph 42:
- When he had saied no: what (ſaid Ariſtippus) is it ſhame to ſaile in a Shippe, that hath afoꝛetymes caried a great nomber mo: […]
- c. 1595–1596 (date written), William Shakespeare, “A Midsommer Nights Dreame”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene i]:
- Have you no modesty, no maiden shame?
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter V, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- When this conversation was repeated in detail within the hearing of the young woman in question, and undoubtedly for his benefit, Mr. Trevor threw shame to the winds and scandalized the Misses Brewster then and there by proclaiming his father to have been a country storekeeper.
- Something to regret.
- It was a shame not to see the show after driving all that way.
- 2020 December 2, Paul Bigland, “My weirdest and wackiest Rover yet”, in Rail, page 68:
- Time is running out, so I renounce a spin on a Class 387 for a fast run to Paddington on another Class 800 – a shame as the weather was perfect for pictures. Even so, it's enjoyable – boy, can those trains shift under the wires.
- Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonour; ignominy; derision.
- The cause or reason of shame; that which brings reproach and ignominy.
- 1989, Grant Naylor, Red Dwarf: Infinity Welcomes Careful Drivers:
- Rimmer ducked his body low into his chair, so just his head remained above the table top, and peered past the backs of the examinees in front of him, waiting for the adjudicator to make his move. Waiting for him to leap forward and rip off his flimsy flightsuit, exposing his shame: his illustrated body, Rimmer's cheating frame.
- That which is shameful and private, especially private parts.
- 1991, Martha Graham, Blood Memory, Washington Square Press:
- She turns to lift her robe, and lays it across her as though she were revealing her shame, as though she were naked.
- 2010, Jill Mansell, Millie's Fling, →ISBN:
- She didn't even have her handbag, because Zelda had thoughtfully left it in the kitchen along with her clothes. And nobody had even offered her so much as a T-shirt to cover her shame.
- 2015, Marlene van Niekerk, Triomf, →ISBN:
- The trouble started early this morning when Pop was shoving his shirt and vest into his pants so he could cover his shame, as he puts it.
- 2015, Marion Grace Woolley, Those Rosy Hours at Mazandaran, Ghostwoods Books, page 182:
- His genitals lank between his legs, his chin dipped upon his breast, staring down at his shame.
- The capacity to be ashamed, inhibiting one from brazen behaviour; due regard for one's own moral conduct and how one is perceived by others; restraint, moderation, decency.
- Don't you have any shame?
- (uncomfortable or painful feeling): dishonor
- (something regrettable): dishonor, humiliation, mortification, pity
- See also: Thesaurus:shame
- (uncomfortable or painful feeling): honor
Derived terms Edit
- 15 minutes of shame
- body shame
- cone of shame
- crying shame
- for shame
- for shame's sake
- hall of shame
- put to shame
- shame on you
- shame pole
- shame reel
- walk of shame
- wall of shame
- what a shame
uncomfortable or painful feeling
something to regret
reproach incurred or suffered; dishonour; ignominy; derision
that which is shameful and private, especially body parts
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- A cry of admonition for the subject of a speech, either to denounce the speaker or to agree with the speaker's denunciation of some person or matter; often used reduplicated, especially in political debates.
- 1982, “Telecommunications Bill”, in Hansard:
- Mr John Golding: One would not realise that it came from the same Government, because in that letter the Under-Secretary states: "The future of BT's pension scheme is a commercial matter between BT, its workforce, and the trustees of the pensions scheme, and the Government cannot give any guarantees about future pension arrangements."
#*: Mr. Charles R. Morris: Shame.
- 1831, The Bristol Job Nott; or, Labouring Man's Friend:
- […] the Duke of Dorset charged in the list with "not known, but supposed forty thousand per year" (charitable supposition) had when formerly in office only about 3 or £4,000, and has not now, nor when the black list was printed, any office whatever — (Much tumult, and cries of "shame" and "doust the liars")
- (South Africa) Expressing sympathy.
- Shame, you poor thing, you must be cold!
Derived terms Edit
term derived from shame (interjection)
Etymology 2 Edit
- (transitive) To cause to feel shame.
- I was shamed by the teacher's public disapproval.
- (transitive) To cover with reproach or ignominy; to dishonor; to disgrace.
- (transitive) To denounce as having done something shameful; to criticize with the intent or effect of causing a feeling of shame.
- Stop shaming others about their food choices.
- (transitive) To drive or compel by shame.
- The politician was shamed into resigning.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To feel shame, be ashamed.
- 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter XXII, in Le Morte Darthur, book VII:
- Broder she said I can not telle yow For it was not done by me nor by myn assente
For he is my lord and I am his
and he must be myn husband
therfore my broder I wille that ye wete I shame me not to be with hym
nor to doo hym alle the pleasyr that I can
- (please add an English translation of this quotation)
- c. 1607–1608, William Shakeſpeare, The Late, And much admired Play, Called Pericles, Prince of Tyre. […], London: Imprinted at London for Henry Goſſon, […], published 1609, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene iii]:
- I do ſhame to thinke of what a noble ſtraine you are, and of how coward a ſpirit.
- (obsolete, transitive) To mock at; to deride.
Conjugation of shame
Derived terms Edit
to cause to feel shame
to denounce as having done something shameful
- “shame”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.