See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一大口 (MKR), four-corner 20603, composition)

  1. swallow
  2. absorb, annex, engulf

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 177, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3329
  • Dae Jaweon: page 395, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 585, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+541E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tʰuən²¹/
Jinan /tʰuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /tʰuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tʰən²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰəŋ²¹/
Xining /tʰə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tʰũn³¹/
Ürümqi /tʰɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tʰən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tʰen⁵⁵/
Kunming /tʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tʰən³¹/ ~下去
/tʰun³¹/ 温~水
Hefei /tʰən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /tʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tʰəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /tʰən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tʰen³³/
Wenzhou /tʰø³³/
/tʰaŋ³³/ 慢~~
Hui Shexian /tʰʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /tʰin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰən³³/
Xiangtan /tʰən³³/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʰun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɐn⁵³/
Nanning /tʰɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tʰɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰouŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰuŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hun²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (6)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰən/ /tʰən/ /tʰən/ /tʰən/ /tʰən/ /tʰən/ /tʰən/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (6)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰen/ /tʰien/ /tʰen/ /tʰen/ /tʰɛn/ /tʰien/ /tʰɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tiān ‹ then › /*l̥ ˤən/ (surname)
tūn ‹ thon › /*l̥ ˤən/ to swallow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12388 1 /*qʰl'iːn/
12391 1 /*qʰl'ɯːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to swallow

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(tan) (hangeul , revised tan, McCune-Reischauer t'an)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thôn, xôn)

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