See also: ' (different character in Japan)'

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心一田木 (PMWD), four-corner 91094, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 397, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11042
  • Dae Jaweon: page 736, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2336, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6144

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
Xi'an /li²¹/
Xining /l̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ni³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /le¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lit̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lit̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /løt̚²/
Nanning /lɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /løt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
/lat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /liak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪt̚/ /li̯ĕt̚/ /liĕt̚/ /lit̚/ /lit̚/ /lĭĕt̚/ /ljet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7971 2 /*riɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. shiver, shudder, tremble

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fear
  2. tremble, shudder, shiver

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This character is not used much in modern Japanese.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryul, yul) (hangeul , , revised ryul, yul, McCune-Reischauer ryul, yul, Yale lyul, yul)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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