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U+8CEA, 質
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CEA

[U+8CE9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CEB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 154, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹中月山金 (HLBUC), four-corner 72806, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1210, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36833
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1676, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3648, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8CEA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

𫎘
𧸲

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tids, *tjid
*tids
*tids, *tjid
*tjids, *tjid
*tjid
*tjid
*tjid

Unknown.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ziêh4 - Chaozhou;
  • zioh4 - Shantou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʃz̩⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡səʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sət̚¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃït̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐt̚⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sɐt̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐt̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sit̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡si²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sioʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sit̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*t-lit/
    English substance, solid part

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17401
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjid/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. matter; material; substance
    2. quality

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • chì - Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou;
    • chit - Taiwan, Xiamen, Quanzhou.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈˠiɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈᵚiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈjiH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶjiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[t]<r>ip-s/
    English hostage; gift

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17397
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tids/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to pawn
    2. hostage
      /   ―  rénzhì  ―  hostage
    3. Alternative form of (zhì, “gifts to superiors”).
    4. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. content
    2. characteristic
    3. natural appearance
    4. confirm
    5. mortgage

    ReadingsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    NounEdit

    Kanji in this term
    しつ
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    (hiragana しつ, rōmaji shitsu)

    1. quality

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jil, ji) (hangeul , , revised jil, ji, McCune–Reischauer chil, chi, Yale cil, ci)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chất, chát, chắc, chặt, chắt, chớt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.