U+52A3, 劣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52A3

[U+52A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52A4]
U+F99D, 劣
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F99D

[U+F99C]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F99E]

TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+F99D with no change in composition.
  • Note that in Japanese Kanji, Korean Hanja and Vietnamese Nom, the middle stroke of the top component is written with a hook whereas in modern Chinese scripts the middle stroke is written with no downward hook.

Han characterEdit

(radical 19, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 火竹大尸 (FHKS), four-corner 90427, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 146, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2302
  • Dae Jaweon: page 330, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 367, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+52A3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (little, less) + (strength). (OC *hmjewʔ, *hmjews) also functions as phonetic.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • luag4 - Shantou;
  • luêg4 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lyɛ⁵¹/
/liɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /liɛ²¹³/
Tianjin /lie⁵³/
Jinan /liə²¹/
Qingdao /liə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /lyo²⁴/
Xi'an /lyɛ²¹/
Xining /lɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lie¹³/
Lanzhou /lyə¹³/
Ürümqi /lyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /nie²¹³/
Chengdu /nie³¹/
/ne³¹/
Guiyang /nie²¹/
Kunming /liɛ³¹/
Nanjing /lieʔ⁵/
Hefei /liɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lyəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /lɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /le²¹³/
Hui Shexian /le²²/
Tunxi /liɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /lie²⁴/
Xiangtan /nie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lot̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /lyt̚³/
Nanning /lyt̚³³/
Hong Kong /lyt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /luat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lyɛ²⁴/
/liɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /luak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (82)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liuᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwiat̚/
Li
Rong
/liuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭuɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯wɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lüè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lyut6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8142
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rod/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bad, poor, inferior
  2. slightly

AntonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bad, poor, inferior

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC liuᴇt̚).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 못할 (mothal ryeol), South Korea 못할 (mothal yeol))

  1. Hanja form? of / (bad; poor).
  2. Hanja form? of / (inferior).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: liệt, lẹt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit