U+52A3, 劣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52A3

[U+52A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52A4]
U+F99D, 劣
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F99D

[U+F99C]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F99E]

Translingual

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Alternative forms

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  • A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+F99D with no change in composition.
  • Note that in Japanese Kanji, Korean Hanja and Vietnamese Nom, the middle stroke of the top component is written with a hook whereas in modern Chinese scripts the middle stroke is written with no downward hook.

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 19, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 火竹大尸 (FHKS), four-corner 90427, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 146, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2302
  • Dae Jaweon: page 330, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 367, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+52A3

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (little, less) + (strength). (OC *hmjewʔ, *hmjews) also functions as phonetic.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • luag4 - Shantou;
  • luêg4 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lyɛ⁵¹/
/liɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /liɛ²¹³/
Tianjin /lie⁵³/
Jinan /liə²¹/
Qingdao /liə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /lyo²⁴/
Xi'an /lyɛ²¹/
Xining /lɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lie¹³/
Lanzhou /lyə¹³/
Ürümqi /lyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /nie²¹³/
Chengdu /nie³¹/
/ne³¹/
Guiyang /nie²¹/
Kunming /liɛ³¹/
Nanjing /lieʔ⁵/
Hefei /liɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lyəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /liaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /lɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /le²¹³/
Hui Shexian /le²²/
Tunxi /liɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /lie²⁴/
Xiangtan /nie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lot̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /lyt̚³/
Nanning /lyt̚³³/
Hong Kong /lyt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /luat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /luɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /lyɛ²⁴/
/liɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /luak̚²/
Haikou (Hainanese) /luak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (82)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter ljwet
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liuᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwiat̚/
Li
Rong
/liuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭuɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯wɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lüè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lyut6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8142
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rod/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. (literary, or in compounds) small and weak; puny
  2. (literary, or in compounds) bad; poor; inferior
  3. (literary, or in compounds) slightly

Synonyms

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  • (small and weak): 弱小 (ruòxiǎo)
  • (bad):

Antonyms

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  • (antonym(s) of bad): (yōu)

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bad, poor, inferior

Readings

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Compounds

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Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC ljwet).

Historical readings

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 못할 (mothal ryeol), word-initial (South Korea) 못할 (mothal yeol))

  1. Hanja form? of / (bad; poor).
  2. Hanja form? of / (inferior).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: liệt, lẹt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

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