海馬

ChineseEdit

ocean; sea horse; horse chess piece; Surname
trad. (海馬)
simp. (海马)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

海馬

  1. sea horse

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

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海馬 (umiuma, kaiba): a sea horse.
Kanji in this term
うみ
Grade: 2
うま
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(umi, ocean, sea) +‎ ‎(uma, horse).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

海馬 ‎(hiragana うみうま, romaji umiuma)

  1. sea horse
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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海馬 (kaiba): a walrus.
Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 海馬 ‎(xojX mæX, literally sea + horse). Compare modern Min Nan reading hái-bé.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

海馬 ‎(hiragana かいば, romaji kaiba)

  1. sea horse
  2. walrus
  3. (anatomy) the hippocampus (a part of the brain)
Usage notesEdit

The walrus sense is more commonly expressed using the term 海象 ‎(seiuchi).

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
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海馬 (todo): a female and male Steller sea lion.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
Irregular

From Ainu トド ‎(todo) or トト ‎(toto, sea lion).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

海馬 ‎(hiragana とど, katakana トド, romaji todo)

  1. the Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, the largest of the sea lion species
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as トド. The kanji spellings are rare. When written in kanji, the 胡獱 spelling may be more common, likely to avoid confusion with the alternate readings of the 海馬 spelling of umiuma and kaiba.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
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