U+5C3E, 尾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3E

[U+5C3D]
CJK Unified Ideographs 尿
[U+5C3F]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 44, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹手山 (SHQU), four-corner 77214, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 300, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7650
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 966, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+5C3E

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (person) + (hair; feather).

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-maj ~ m-raj (tail; penis) (STEDT). Cognate with Mizo mei (tail), Tibetan རྨེད (rmed, tail; crupper of straddle), Chepang मेः (meʔ, tail), Burmese အမြီး (a.mri:, tail).

Pronunciation

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Note: mei5-1 - "last".
Note:
  • bé/bér/bóe - vernacular;
  • bí - literary.
Note: mai2 - alternative pronunciation for dialectal usage.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter mj+jX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mʉiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mʷɨiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuəiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mujX/
Li
Rong
/miuəiX/
Wang
Li
/mĭwəiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mwe̯iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wěi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mei5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wěi
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjɨjX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]əjʔ/
English tail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12882
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯlʔ/

Definitions

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  1. tail (Classifier: c;  mn)
  2. end
  3. last; final
  4. Classifier for fish, snakes, shrimps, etc.all nouns using this classifier
  5. (~宿) (Chinese astronomy) Tail (one of Twenty-Eight Mansions)

Synonyms

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  • (tail):
  • (classifier for fish):

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

/wo/ → /o/.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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() (o (wo)?

  1. a tail
  2. the foot of a mountain
  3. the end of something
Synonyms
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

Middle Chinese (mʉiX)

Pronunciation

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Affix

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() (bi

  1. tail
Derived terms
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Counter

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() (-bi

  1. fish, shrimp

Proper noun

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() (Bi

  1. (Chinese astronomy) Tail
Synonyms
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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 꼬리 (kkori mi))

  1. Hanja form? of (tail, extremity).
  2. Hanja form? of (end, stern).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: , vãi, vả, , vải, nhân

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.