Open main menu
U+72C4, 狄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72C4

[U+72C3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72C5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 大竹火 (KHF), four-corner 49280, composition)

  1. tribe from northern China

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 707, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1120, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1337, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+72C4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰeːɡ
*tʰeːɡ
*deːɡ
*deːɡ
*deːɡ

EtymologyEdit

"northern barbarian"
Unknown
"low servant"
Either based on the northern foreigners' endo-ethnonym, or more likely Austroasiatic (Schuessler, 2007). Compare Proto-Monic *ɗiik, Proto-Bahnaric *ɗɨc, as well as Proto-Mon-Khmer **ɗiək ~ ɗiik ~ *ɗik (slave).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/dek̚/
Wang
Li
/diek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱiek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dek ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˁek/
English (name of a northern tribe)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2206
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*deːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. the Di people; Zhou dynasty era term for tribes from northern China
  2. low servant
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. barbarian

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): てき (teki)
  • Kun: えびす (ebisu)

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeok) (hangeul , revised jeok, McCune–Reischauer chŏk, Yale cek)

  1. tribe from northern China

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(địch, đệt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.