Open main menu
U+C801, 적
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:w-j-r

Hangul Syllables



  • IPA(key)[t͡ɕʌ̹k̚]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? jeok
Revised Romanization (translit.)? jeog
McCune–Reischauer? chŏk
Yale Romanization? cek

Etymology 1Edit

쟤 ←→ 제



  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from



  1. enemy

Etymology 3Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.



  1. (- 적 있다/없다) time, occurrence, experience
    절대 그런 이 없다.
    Naneun jeoldae geureon mareul han jeogi eopda.
    I've never said such a thing.
    중국 있어요?
    Jungguge ga bon jeok isseoyo?
    Have you ever been to China?
Usage notesEdit
Followed by 있다 (itda) or 없다 (eopda), meaning “have” or “haven't” of perfect.

Etymology 4Edit

From the Japanese (teki)[1][2][3]. Korean reading of the Chinese character (, jeok, “like, in the manner of”).


—적 (-jeok) (hanja )

  1. Exhibiting a property.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used almost exclusively with nouns of Sino-Korean or Western origin: 경멸적 (輕蔑的, gyeongmyeoljeok, “scornful”), 페미니즘적 (peminijeumjeok, “feministic”).
  • Typically followed by either the adnominal marker (in, “being thus”) or the adverbial 으로 (euro, “in that manner”).

Etymology 5Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.



  1. : target
    (eumhun reading: 과녁 적 (gwanyeok jeok), MC reading: (MC tek̚))
  2. : hitting
    (eumhun reading: 맞을 적 (majeul jeok), MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇk̚, t͡ɕiᴇk̚, tek̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇH, t͡siᴇk̚))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ziᴇk̚))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sek̚))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠɛk̚, tʰek̚))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇk̚))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇk̚))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡zək̚))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡zek̚))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC tek̚))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠæk̚, tek̚))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠɛk̚))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇk̚))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sek̚))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC teuH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiaH, t͡ɕiᴇk̚))
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠæk̚, dek̚))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC tek̚))

Further readingEdit

  • in dictionaries at


  1. ^   일본제 한자어 on the Korean Wikipedia.Wikipedia ko
  2. ^   和制汉语 on the Chinese Wikipedia.Wikipedia zh
  3. ^   汉语中的日语借词 on the Chinese Wikipedia.Wikipedia zh