U+C801, 적
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Hangul Syllables



  • IPA(key): [t͡ɕʌ̹k̚]
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Revised Romanization? jeok
Revised Romanization (translit.)? jeog
McCune–Reischauer? chŏk
Yale Romanization? cek

Etymology 1Edit

쟤 ←→ 제



  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from



  1. enemy

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: cek).

Dependent nounEdit


  1. time, occurrence, experience (dependent noun; must be preceded by an adnominal particle)
    절대 그런 이 없다.
    Naneun jeoldae geureon mareul han jeogi eopda.
    I've never said such a thing.
    중국 있어요?
    Jungguge ga bon jeok isseoyo?
    Have you ever been to China?

Etymology 4Edit

From the Japanese (teki)[1][2][3]. Korean reading of the Chinese character (, jeok, “like, in the manner of”).


—적 (-jeok) (hanja )

  1. Exhibiting a property.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used almost exclusively with nouns of Sino-Korean or Western origin: 경멸적 (輕蔑的, gyeongmyeoljeok, “scornful”), 페미니즘적 (peminijeumjeok, “feministic”).
  • Typically followed by either the adnominal marker (in, “being thus”) or the adverbial 으로 (euro, “in that manner”).

Etymology 5Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.



  1. : target
    (eumhun reading: 과녁 적 (gwanyeok jeok))
    (MC reading: (MC tek̚))
  2. : hitting
    (eumhun reading: 맞을 적 (majeul jeok))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇk̚, t͡ɕiᴇk̚, tek̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇH, t͡siᴇk̚))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ziᴇk̚))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sek̚))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠɛk̚, tʰek̚))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇk̚))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇk̚))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡zək̚))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡zek̚))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC tek̚))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠæk̚, tek̚))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠɛk̚))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡siᴇk̚))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sek̚))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC dek̚))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC teuH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiaH, t͡ɕiᴇk̚))
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠæk̚, dek̚))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC tek̚))

Further readingEdit

  • in dictionaries at daum.net


  1. ^   일본제 한자어 on the Korean Wikipedia.Wikipedia ko
  2. ^   和制汉语 on the Chinese Wikipedia.Wikipedia zh
  3. ^   汉语中的日语借词 on the Chinese Wikipedia.Wikipedia zh