See also:
U+5F92, 徒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F92

[U+5F91]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F93]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 60, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹人土卜人 (HOGYO), four-corner 24281, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 367, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10121
  • Dae Jaweon: page 691, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 823, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5F92

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'aː): semantic  (walk) + phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰaːʔ, *l'aːʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duo/
Pan
Wuyun
/duo/
Shao
Rongfen
/do/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɔ/
Li
Rong
/do/
Wang
Li
/du/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ du ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁa/
English go on foot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12494
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'aː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be on foot
  2. foot soldier
  3. disciple; follower; adherent
  4. religious follower; apostle; worshipper
  5. prison sentence
  6. (derogatory) suffix for people with certain characteristics
  7. bare; plain
      ―  xiǎn  ―  barefoot
      ―  shǒu  ―  with one's bare hands
  8. merely; only; just
  9. in vain; unsuccessfully; to no avail
    /   ―  láo  ―  to be futile
  10. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. going on foot
  2. empty-handed
  3. useless, in vain
  4. disciple
  5. a party, a gang
  6. criminal, penal servitude

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
いたずら
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

AdjectiveEdit

(いたずら) (itazura-nari (historical kana いたづら)

  1. (Classical Japanese) useless, pointless, fruitless
  2. (Classical Japanese) unsatisfied because there is nothing to be; tasteless
  3. (Classical Japanese) in idleness

NounEdit

(いたずら) (itazura (historical kana いたづら)

  1. a kind of women's hairstyles in the late Edo period
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あだ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(あだ) (ada-nari

  1. (Classical Japanese) useless, fruitless
  2. (Classical Japanese) ephemeral, temporary
  3. (Classical Japanese) fickle, frivolous
  4. (Classical Japanese) slack, lukewarm
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
かち
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
かち
[noun] , , 歩行, 徒歩: (dated) walking, going on foot
[noun] , , 歩行, 徒歩, 徒士: (historical) a lower-level samurai who accompanies with the master in walking and goes on the beginning of the parade
Alternative spellings
, , 歩行, 徒歩, 徒士
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
ただ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ただ
[conjunction] but, however, although
[adverb] merely, commonly, simply, only
Alternative spellings
, , , ,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
むだ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
無駄むだ
[adjectival noun] useless, no good
[adjectival noun] wasteful
[noun] uselessness; no good; being in vain; futility
[noun] waste
Alternative spellings
, ムダ
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kan’on

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (to

  1. fellows, same kind people; a set, a party, a gang
    Synonyms: (yakara), (tomogara)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
goon

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (zu (historical kana )

  1. one of the punishments in the ancient Ritsuryō system; penal servitude
    Synonyms: 徒刑 (tokei), 懲役 (chōeki)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Kanji in this term
かし
Grade: 4
Irregular

<kasi> → /kaɕi/

From Eastern dialectal form of Old Japanese. Cognate with Modern Japanese かち (kachi, walking, going on foot)

NounEdit

(かし) (kashi

  1. (Classical Japanese, dialectal) Obsolete form of かち (kachi): walking, going on foot
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4417)
      阿加胡麻乎(あかごまを) 夜麻努尓波賀志(やまのにはがし) 刀里加尓弖(とりかにて) 多麻能余許夜麻(たまのよこやま) 加志(かし)由加也良牟(ゆかやらむ) [Man'yōgana]
      赤駒(あかごま)を 山野(やまの)(はが)し ()りかにて 多摩(たま)横山(よこやま) (かし)ゆか()らむ [Modern spelling]
      <Akago1ma wo yamano1 ni pagasi to1rikanite Tama no2 yo2ko2yama kasi yuka yaramu>
      → Akagoma o yamano ni hagashi torikanite Tama no yokoyama kashi yuka yaramu
      Having our red horse pastured on the mountain field, but we couldn't catch it; so I'll send him, who'll go on foot through the mountains on the side of Tama.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune–Reischauer to, Yale to)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đồ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.