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U+782D, 砭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-782D

[U+782C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+782E]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112, +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一口竹戈人 (MRHIO), four-corner 12637, composition)

  1. stone needle used in acupuncture
  2. nip
  3. pierce
  4. treat and cure
  5. stab

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 829, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1243, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2421, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+782D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prom, *proms
*promʔ
*proms
*pʰoms, *bob
*pʰoms, *bob, *kpʰob
*pʰom, *pʰoms
*bom
*poŋʔ
*sproːb
*brub
*bob

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (1) (1)
Final () (154) (154)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiᴇm/ /pˠiᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚiɛm/ /pᵚiɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/piæm/ /piæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjiam/ /pjiamH/
Li
Rong
/pjɛm/ /pjɛmH/
Wang
Li
/pĭɛm/ /pĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ɛm/ /pi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
b- b-
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2840 2843
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prom/ /*proms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. pierce
  2. stab with needle
  3. counsel, advise
  4. (literary) providing constructive criticisms and suggestions

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. stone probe
  2. pierce
  3. counsel

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): へん (hen)
  • Kun: いしばり (ishibari)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pyeom) (hangeul , revised pyeom, McCune–Reischauer p'yŏm, Yale phyem)

  1. stone needle

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(biếm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: bãm, bẫm, biếm, biém, bom, bơm, bờm

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999