U+4E4F, 乏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E4F

[U+4E4E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E50]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally Ideogrammic compound (會意): (foot) +  – a foot (止) running into a wall or barrier (一), indicating lack, incomplete. Compare (complete).

Present form cursive simplification: 止 simplified to , 一 changed to 丿; compare semi-cursive .

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹戈弓人 (HINO), four-corner 20307, composition丿)

  1. lack
  2. poor

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prom, *proms
*promʔ
*proms
*pʰoms, *bob
*pʰoms, *bob, *kpʰob
*pʰom, *pʰoms
*bom
*poŋʔ
*sproːb
*brub
*bob

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (148)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨɐp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɐp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buap̚/
Li
Rong
/biɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjop ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b](r)[o]p/
English lack (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2852
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bob/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: pip, McCune-Reischauer: p'ip)
  • Name (hangeul): 모자랄 (revised: mojaral, McCune-Reischauer: mojaral)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phạp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.