Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+5EC9, 廉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EC9

[U+5EC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5ECA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 53 广+10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈廿X金 (ITXC), four-corner 00237, composition广)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 349, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9436
  • Dae Jaweon: page 659, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 896, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5EC9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
r'eːms
r'eːms
kreːm
kreːmʔ
kʰreːms, *kʰreːmʔ, *kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːms
kʰreːmʔ
ɡreːm, *keːm
ɡreːm, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ, *ɡ·reːms, *ɡeːm
ɡreːmʔ, *ɡreːms
ɡreːmʔ, *ɡraːm
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
ɡ·rem
ɡ·remʔ
ɡ·remʔ, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ
kʰremʔ
ŋɡremʔ
ɡ·reːm
ɡ·reːm
ɡ·reːm
keːm, *keːms
keːm
keːm
keːm
keːm
kʰeːm
kʰeːmʔ
kʰeːmʔ
kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːb
kʰeːms
qʰeːm
ɡeːm
ɡeːmʔ
kreːm

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lian³⁵/
Harbin /lian²⁴/
Tianjin /lian⁴⁵/
Jinan /liã⁴²/
Qingdao /liã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lian⁴²/
Xi'an /liã²⁴/
Xining /liã²⁴/
Yinchuan /lian⁵³/
Lanzhou /liɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /lian⁵¹/
Wuhan /niɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /nian³¹/
Guiyang /nian²¹/
Kunming /liɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /lien²⁴/
Hefei /liĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lie¹¹/
Pingyao /lie̞¹³/
Hohhot /lie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /li²³/
Suzhou /liɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /liẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /li³¹/
Hui Shexian /le⁴⁴/
Tunxi /liɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /liẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /niẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /liɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liam¹¹/
Taoyuan /liɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lim²¹/
Nanning /lim²¹/
Hong Kong /lim²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /liŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /niam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /liam³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liam/
Li
Rong
/liɛm/
Wang
Li
/lĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lián lián
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljem › ‹ ljem ›
Old
Chinese
/*(k-)rem/ /*[r]em/
English frugal angle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6042
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·rem/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. clean, incorruptable, honorable, honest
  2. inexpensive
  3. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (inexpensive): (guì)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かど, rōmaji kado)

  1. grounds, suspicion

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana れん, rōmaji Ren)

  1. A male or female given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryeom) (hangeul , revised ryeom, McCune-Reischauer ryŏm, Yale lyem)

  1. honest, pure
  2. to spy on

CompoundsEdit

  1. 淸廉 (청렴)
  2. 廉探 (염탐)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(liêm, rèm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.