U+5EC9, 廉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EC9

[U+5EC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5ECA]

U+F9A2, 廉
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9A2

[U+F9A1]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9A3]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 53, 广+10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈廿難金 (ITXC), four-corner 00237, composition 广)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 349, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9436
  • Dae Jaweon: page 659, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 896, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5EC9

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɡ·rem) : semantic 广 + phonetic (OC *keːm, *keːms).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • liam5 - Chaozhou;
  • niam5 - Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang, Puning, Huilai;
  • niang5 - Chenghai.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lian³⁵/
Harbin /lian²⁴/
Tianjin /lian⁴⁵/
Jinan /liã⁴²/
Qingdao /liã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lian⁴²/
Xi'an /liã²⁴/
Xining /liã²⁴/
Yinchuan /lian⁵³/
Lanzhou /liɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /lian⁵¹/
Wuhan /niɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /nian³¹/
Guiyang /nian²¹/
Kunming /liɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /lien²⁴/
Hefei /liĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lie¹¹/
Pingyao /lie̞¹³/
Hohhot /lie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /li²³/
Suzhou /liɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /liẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /li³¹/
Hui Shexian /le⁴⁴/
Tunxi /liɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /liẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /niẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /liɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liam¹¹/
Taoyuan /liɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lim²¹/
Nanning /lim²¹/
Hong Kong /lim²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /liam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /lieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /liŋ²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /niam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /liam³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter ljem
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liam/
Li
Rong
/liɛm/
Wang
Li
/lĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lián
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lim4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lián lián
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljem › ‹ ljem ›
Old
Chinese
/*(k-)rem/ /*[r]em/
English frugal angle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6042
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·rem/

Definitions edit

  1. clean; incorruptible; honorable; honest
  2. inexpensive
  3. a surname

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

  • (antonym(s) of inexpensive): (guì)

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]


&#xF9A2;
or
+&#xFE00;?
 
廉󠄀
+&#xE0100;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
廉󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. clean, honest
  2. inexpensive

Readings edit

Noun edit

(かど) (kado

  1. grounds (for suspicion), a charge (for a crime)

Proper noun edit

(れん) (Ren

  1. a male or female given name

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 청렴 (cheongnyeomhal ryeom), South Korea 청렴 (cheongnyeomhal yeom))

  1. Hanja form? of / (upright, honorable, honest, pure).
  2. Hanja form? of / (to spy on).

Compounds edit

  1. 청렴(淸廉) (cheongnyeom, honesty)
  2. 염탐(廉探) (yeomtam, snooping, nosing around)

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: liêm, rèm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.