See also:
U+9A57, 驗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9A57

[U+9A56]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9A58]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 187, +13, 23 strokes, cangjie input 尸火人一人 (SFOMO), four-corner 78336, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1445, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1970, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4580, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9A57

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𩥾

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrams): semantic + phonetic (OC *skʰlam).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ngiam7 - Shantou, Jieyang;
  • ngiêm7 - Chaozhou;
  • ngiang7 - Chenghai.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
    Harbin /ian⁵³/
    Tianjin /ian⁵³/
    Jinan /iã²¹/
    Qingdao /iã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
    Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
    Xining /iã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ian¹³/
    Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
    Wuhan /niɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /ȵian¹³/
    Guiyang /nian²¹³/
    /ian²¹³/
    Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /e³⁵/
    /i³⁵/
    Suzhou /ȵiɪ³¹/
    Hangzhou /ȵiẽ̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
    Hui Shexian /ne²²/
    Tunxi /ȵiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiam⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ŋiɑm⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jim²²/
    Nanning /jim²²/
    Hong Kong /jim²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giam²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiam³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋiam³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (154)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠiᴇmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚiɛmH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiæmH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋjiamH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋjɛmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭɛmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯ɛmH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jim6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjemH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-qʰr[a]m-s/
    English verify

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10218
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋrams/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to test; to examine; to inspect
    2. to verify

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (heom))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: nghiệm

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.