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See also:
U+9A57, 驗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9A57

[U+9A56]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9A58]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 187, +13, 23 strokes, cangjie input 尸火人一人 (SFOMO), four-corner 78336, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1445, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1970, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4580, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9A57

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrams): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *skʰlam).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /niɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ȵian¹³/
Guiyang /nian²¹³/
/ian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /e³⁵/
/i³⁵/
Suzhou /ȵiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
Hui Shexian /ne²²/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiam⁵³/
Taoyuan /ŋiɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim²²/
Nanning /jim²²/
Hong Kong /jim²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giam²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiam³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋiam³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠiᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚiɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjiamH/
Li
Rong
/ŋjɛmH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjemH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-qʰr[a]m-s/
English verify

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10218
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrams/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to test; to examine; to inspect
  2. to verify

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(heom) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghiệm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.