See also: and
U+7AF6, 競
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AF6

[U+7AF5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AF7]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 117, +15, 20 strokes, cangjie input 卜山卜廿山 (YUYTU), four-corner 00216, composition竞)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 873, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25831
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1304, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2717, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7AF6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𧫙

𥪰

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

According to Shuowen, an Ideogrammic compound (會意): (argument) + (man) + (man) – two individuals competing. Also possibly a Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡraŋs): phonetic (OC *ɡaŋʔ, *ɡraŋs, *l̥ʰuːms) + semantic (man) + semantic (man). Compare .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/giajŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ging6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kraŋʔ-s/ (~ C-kraŋʔ-s)
English strive; compete

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6893
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to contend; to vie; to compete
  2. (literary) competitively; eagerly; trying to outdo one another
  3. strong; powerful

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. competition
  2. to compete

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 다툴 (datul gyeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (competition).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cạnh, ganh

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.