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U+53CB, 友
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53CB

[U+53CA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CC]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 29 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大水 (KE), four-corner 40047, composition𠂇)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 165, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3119
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 391, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53CB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kɯːʔ
qʰɯːʔ
qʰʷɯs
ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
ɢʷɯʔ
ɢʷɯʔ
ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
ɢʷɯs
ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
ɢʷɯs
ɢʷɯs
ɢʷɯs
ɢʷɯs
ɢʷɯs
ɢʷɯs
qʰʷɯːʔ
qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
ɡʷɯː
ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
ɢʷɯʔ
ɢʷɯʔ
ɢʷɯʔ
qʷɯ
qʷɯ
ɡʷɯ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (hand) – two hands meeting in friendship. Also phono-semantic (形聲), from (OC *ɢʷɯs).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • jau5-2 - “guy; bloke”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
English friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15596
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. friend; companion
  2. fraternity
  3. (Cantonese, colloquial, slightly impolite) guy; bloke (Classifier: ; )
    西裝 / 西装 [Cantonese]  ―  sai1 zong1 jau5-2 [Jyutping]  ―  guy in a suit
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. friend

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とも, rōmaji tomo)

  1. friend; pal

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ゆう, rōmaji )

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. friend, companion

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hữu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.