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U+53CB, 友
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53CB

[U+53CA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CC]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 29 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大水 (KE), four-corner 40047, composition𠂇)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 165, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3119
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 391, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53CB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːʔ
*qʰɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯs
*ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*qʰʷɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
*ɡʷɯː
*ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*qʷɯ
*qʷɯ
*ɡʷɯ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (hand) – two hands meeting in friendship. Also phono-semantic (形聲), from (OC *ɢʷɯs).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • jau5-2 - “guy; bloke”.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǒu
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yǒu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
    English friend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15596
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷɯʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. friend; companion
    2. fraternity
    3. (Cantonese, colloquial, slightly impolite) guy; bloke (Classifier: ; )
      西裝 / 西装 [Cantonese]  ―  sai1 zong1 jau5-2 [Jyutping]  ―  guy in a suit
    4. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. friend

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana とも, rōmaji tomo)

    1. friend; pal
      好敵手 (とも) () (おく)
      Tomo no Kioku
      Memory of a Frenemy

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana ゆう, rōmaji )

    1. A male given name

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (u)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. friend, companion

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hữu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.