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U+6E20, 渠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E20

[U+6E1F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E21]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水尸木 (ESD), four-corner 31904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 633, character 48
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17764
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1040, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1645, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6E20

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠍲 pronoun
pronoun (dialectal)
pronoun (S. Sixian Hakka; Shanghainese)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaʔ
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡa
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ, *ɡas
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*ɡaʔ
*kʷaʔ
*kʷaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡa): semantic  (water) + abbreviated phonetic  (OC *kʷaʔ).

EtymologyEdit

“ditch; canal; drain”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ka ~ *k(r)a (path; way; channel; ditch); probably the same word as (OC *ɡʷa, “passage”) (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan རྐ (rka, gutter; channel; furrow).
third-person pronoun
Attested since 4th to 5th century CE, preserved in many central and southern dialects (Schuessler, 2007). See .

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)a/
English canal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7042
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡa/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ditch; canal; drain
    /   ―    ―  drainage services
  2. big; huge
  3. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • keoi5, heoi5 - vernacular (most commonly written as );
  • keoi4 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or dialectal) third-person pronoun; he, she, it
    源頭活水 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    源头活水 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: c. 12th century, 朱熹 (Zhu Xi), 觀書有感
    Wèn nǎ dé qīng rú xǔ, wèi yǒu yuántóu huóshuǐ lái. [Pinyin]
    [I want to] ask it [the pond] why it can be so clear. It is because running water continuously flows in.
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“he”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng
Baochang
Bayanhot
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Jining
Hohhot
Baotou
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Tangxi 渠儂
Ningbo 渠儂
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geo) (hangeul , revised geo, McCune-Reischauer kŏ, Yale ke)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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