U+6E20, 渠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E20

[U+6E1F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E21]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水尸木 (ESD), four-corner 31904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 633, character 48
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17764
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1040, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1645, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6E20

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠍲 pronoun
pronoun (dialectal)
pronoun (S. Sixian Hakka; Shanghainese)
second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡa): semantic  (water) + abbreviated phonetic  (OC *kʷaʔ).

EtymologyEdit

“ditch; canal; drain”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ka ~ *k(r)a (path; way; channel; ditch); probably the same word as (OC *ɡʷa, “passage”) (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan རྐ (rka, gutter; channel; furrow).
third-person pronoun
Attested since 4th to 5th century CE, preserved in many central and southern dialects (Schuessler, 2007). See .

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)a/
English canal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7042
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡa/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ditch; canal; drain
    /   ―    ―  drainage services
  2. big; huge
  3. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • keoi5, heoi5 - vernacular (most commonly written as );
  • keoi4 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or dialectal) third-person pronoun; he, she, it
      源頭活水 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      源头活水 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: c. 12th century, 朱熹 (Zhu Xi), 觀書有感
      Wèn nǎ dé qīng rú xǔ, wèi yǒu yuántóu huóshuǐ lái. [Pinyin]
      [I want to] ask it [the pond] why it can be so clear. It is because running water continuously flows in.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): きょ (kyo)
    • Kun: みぞ (mizo, ); かれ (kare, ); なんぞ (nanzo, 渠ぞ)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (geo))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: cừ, gừa, khờ, cự

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.