See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(rope) +  ‎(carriage part)

Han characterEdit

(radical 159 +15, 22 strokes, cangjie input 女火口 (VFR), four-corner 22609, composition𦆕)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1249, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38587
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1728, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3561, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8F61

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjiH/
Li
Rong
/pjiH/
Wang
Li
/piH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*pr[i][t]-s/
English reins

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9656
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bridle of horse
  2. reins

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くつわ, romaji kutsuwa)

  1. bit (metal in horse's mouth)

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bi)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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