See also: (katakana), (hangul) , and (wéi)

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
口-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
口-oracle.svg 口-bronze.svg 口-silk.svg 口-bigseal.svg 口-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – resembles an open mouth.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 口 (R), four-corner 60000)

  1. Kangxi radical №30
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №22

Usage notesEdit

This character (口) is used within characters; if a square is instead used as an enclosure (around) a character, then the character is used instead.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 171, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3227
  • Dae Jaweon: page 379, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 566, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+53E3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰou²¹⁴/
Harbin /kʰou²¹³/
Tianjin /kʰou¹³/
Jinan /kʰou⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kʰou⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kʰou⁵³/
Xi'an /kʰou⁵³/
Xining /kʰɯ⁵³/
Yinchuan /kʰəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /kʰou⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kʰɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /kʰəu⁴²/
Chengdu /kʰəu⁵³/
Guiyang /kʰəu⁴²/
Kunming /kʰəu⁵³/
Nanjing /kʰəɯ²¹²/
Hefei /kʰɯ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰəu⁵³/
Pingyao /kʰəu¹³/
Hohhot /kʰəu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰɤ³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰɤ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /kʰø⁵³/
Wenzhou /kʰau³⁵/
Hui Shexian /kʰiu³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰəu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kʰəɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kʰiɛu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰeu³¹/
Taoyuan /kʰeu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐu³⁵/
Nanning /hɐu³⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐu³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔ⁵³/
/kʰau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰau³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰe²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰau⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xɔu²¹³/
/xau²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰəuX/ /kʰə̯uX/ /kʰuX/ /kʰəuX/ /kʰəwX/ /kʰəuX/ /kʰəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kǒu ‹ khuwX › /*kʰˤ(r)oʔ/ mouth

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7490 0 /*kʰoːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mouth
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Shù shù nǐ de kǒu. [Pinyin]
    Rinse your mouth out.
    出自聽來令人奇怪 [MSC, trad.]
    出自听来令人奇怪 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè huà chūzì nǐ de kǒu, tīnglái lìngrén qíguài. [Pinyin]
    This sounds strange in your mouth.
  2. entrance, opening, mouth (of object)
      ―  kǒu  ―  entrance
      ―  chūkǒu  ―  exit
  3. hole, cut
      ―  kǒu  ―  hole
    /   ―  shāngkǒu  ―  wound
  4. government organ; department
  5. measure word for thing with a mouth ( people, animals, guns )
  6. measure word for bites or mouthfuls
    可以 [MSC, trad.]
    可以 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ kěyǐ chī yī kǒu ma? [Pinyin]
    Can I have a bite?

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “口”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-02-14
  • “Jukuu”, in Jukuu[2] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-03

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: ku)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: ip, McCune-Reischauer: ip)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana ぐち, romaji guchi)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぐち, romaji guchi)

  1. language
  2. dialect
  3. speech

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khẩu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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