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IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish , from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to grow, become, come into being, appear).

The present indicative independent affirmative analytic form is from Old Irish at·tá, from Proto-Celtic *ad-tāyeti (compare Welsh taw (there is)), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (stand).

VerbEdit

(present analytic , future analytic beidh, verbal noun bheith)

  1. (intransitive) be
Usage notesEdit
  • Only used with adjective or prepositional phrases as the predicate, never with noun phrases, for which the copular particle is is used instead.
ConjugationEdit

Although the present dependent is generally used instead, the present independent affirmative is immune to lenition in most dialects and never would be subject to eclipsis.

Derived termsEdit
  • bí ann (exist, verb, literally be there)

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish (pitch).

NounEdit

 f (genitive singular )

  1. pitch, resin
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Inflected forms.

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (literary) genitive singular masculine of beo (living)

NounEdit

 m sg

  1. (literary) genitive singular of beo (living being)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bhí mbí
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

(Zhuyin ㄅㄧˊ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of
  3. Pinyin transcription of
  4. Pinyin transcription of

Min NanEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“hulled or husked uncooked rice; husked seed; etc.”).
(This character, , is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)
For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beautiful; pretty; attractive; good-looking; delicious; tasty; flavoursome; etc.”).
(This character, , is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

NavajoEdit

PronounEdit

  1. third person singular and dual pronoun: he, she, it; they two
  2. third person singular and dual possessive pronoun: his, hers, its; theirs (for two people)
    • 1995, Goossen, Irvy, Diné Bizaad: Speak, Read, Write Navajo, Salina Bookshelf, →ISBN, page 73:
      Łį́į́łgaii éí shicheii .
      The white horse is my grandfather's.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inflected forms of at·tá, derived from Proto-Celtic *buyeti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

·bí

  1. second/third-person singular habitual present indicative conjunct of at·tá

  1. second-person singular imperative of at·tá
DescendantsEdit

The following forms are descended from the imperative:

  • Irish:
  • Manx: bee
  • Scottish Gaelic: bi

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

(absolute), ·bí (conjunct)

  1. third-person singular preterite absolute and conjunct of benaid

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

AdjectiveEdit

  1. inflection of béo:
    1. vocative/genitive singular masculine
    2. accusative/dative singular feminine
    3. genitive singular neuter
    4. nominative plural masculine

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization

pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbí
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Vietic *k-biːrʔ ~ *k-piːrʔ, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *cpiir (pumpkin); cognate with Muong pỉl, proto-Monic *cmpiir (modern Mon သ္ပဳ (həpɔe, pumpkin)).

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh) bín

NounEdit

(classifier cây, trái, quả) (𦷬)

  1. pumpkin
  2. other plants in the Cucurbitaceae family

Derived termsEdit

Derived terms

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (only in compounds) mysterious, secret, unknown
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms

VerbEdit

  1. (informal or slang) to not know
    Cái đó thì .
    I don't know about that.