See also:
U+5175, 兵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5175

[U+5174]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5176]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 12, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人一金 (OMC), four-corner 72801, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 127, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1462
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 244, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5175

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (a short axe) + (2 hands) – a pair of hands holding a weapon.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • piaⁿ - vernacular;
  • peng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /piŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /piŋ²¹/
    Jinan /piŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /piŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /piŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /piŋ²¹/
    Xining /piə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /pĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /pin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /pin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /pin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /pĩ/
    Nanjing /pin³¹/
    Hefei /pin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /piŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /pĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /piŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /pin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /pin³³/
    Wenzhou /peŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /piʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /pɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pin³³/
    Xiangtan /pin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /pin⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /pin⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /pin²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /peŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /peŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /piŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /piã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbeŋ²³/
    /ʔbia²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (111)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠiæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚiaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /piajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /piɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯ɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjæng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praŋ/
    English weapon

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 865
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. weapon
    2. army; troops
    3. soldier (Classifier: )
        ―  shìbīng  ―  soldier
    4. warfare
    5. (xiangqi) pawn; private; soldier (on the red side)

    Coordinate termsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つわもの
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    つわもの
    [noun] a war machine; a weapon
    [noun] military ration
    [noun] a brave and strong warrior
    [noun] a stubborn person
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    へい
    Grade: 4
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC pˠiæŋ). The kan'on, so a later borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (へい) (hei

    1. a soldier
    2. a war machine; a weapon
    3. a battle, a war
    4. in the old Japanese military structure, the lowest set of ranks for a soldier: a private, corporal, lance corporal

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ひょう
    Grade: 4
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC pˠiæŋ). The goon, so an earlier borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ひょう) (hyō

    1. another name for () (fu) in shogi
    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 군사 (gunsa byeong))

    1. Hanja form? of (soldier).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: binh ((bổ)(minh)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
    : Nôm readings: binh[1][2][3][4][5][6], banh[1][3][4][5][6], bênh[1][3][7][5], bưng[1], bành[1]

    1. Hán tự form of binh (military troops).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit