U+BE44, 비
HANGUL SYLLABLE BI
Composition: +

[U+BE43]
Hangul Syllables
[U+BE45]




븨 ←→ 빠

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Jīlín lèishì (鷄林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Late Old Korean 霏微 (Yale: *piWi). Hence the word was originally disyllabic; Alexander Vovin believes it was borrowed from Tungusic.[1]

In the Hangul script, first attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 비〮 (Yale: ).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bi
McCune–Reischauer?pi
Yale Romanization?pi
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable.

NounEdit

(bi)

  1. rain
    어릴 하늘 내려 주는 공짜 이라 생각했다.
    Eoril jeok na-neun biga haneur-i naeryeo juneun gongjja mur-irago saenggakhaetda.
    When I was young, I thought rain was free water from the sky.
    와요.Bakk-e biga wayo.Outside, rain is falling.
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Neung-eomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as Middle Korean 뷔〮 (Yale: pwúy).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bi
McCune–Reischauer?pi
Yale Romanization?pi

NounEdit

(bi)

  1. (dated) broom
    쓸다bang-eul biro sseuldato sweep the room with a broom
    Synonym: (usual) 빗자루 (bitjaru)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: ).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bi
McCune–Reischauer?pi
Yale Romanization?pi

NounEdit

(bi) (hanja )

  1. gravestone; tombstone
    Synonym: 묘비(墓碑) (myobi)
  2. stone engraved with memorial text
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Borrowed from English b.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bi
McCune–Reischauer?pi
Yale Romanization?pi

NounEdit

(bi)

  1. The Korean reading of the Latin alphabet letter b.

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pi(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bi
McCune–Reischauer?pi
Yale Romanization?

PrefixEdit

비— (bi-) (hanja )

  1. un-; in-; non-
    공식 (公式)bigongsik unofficial
    공개 (公開)bigonggae private (lit. not made public)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

SuffixEdit

—비 (-bi) (hanja )

  1. cost, fee; expense
    생활 (生活)saenghwalbi living expenses
    교육 (敎育)gyoyukbi cost of education
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(bi)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ, piɪX, biɪH, piɪH, biɪt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉi))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪ))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉi))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪH))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC bˠiɪH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰei))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC piᴇ))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC biᴇX))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiᴇ))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰʉi, pʰuʌiH))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC bʉi))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪH))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪH, pʰʉiH, bʉiH))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC piɪH))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ, piɪX, biɪH))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉi))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰiᴇH))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠiɪ))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC piɪX))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉiX))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC bˠɛiH))
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰʉiX))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉiX))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪH))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ))
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉiH))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪH, biɪt̚, pˠiɪt̚))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC piᴇ))
  31. :
    (MC reading: )
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MC piɪX))
  33. :
    (MC reading: )
  34. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉi))
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC bʉiH))
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC biᴇ))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC piᴇH))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰʉi, pʰʉiX, bʉiH))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉiX, bʉiH))
  40. :
    (MC reading: (MC piᴇ, biᴇ))
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉi, pʉiH))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪX))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉiX))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰiᴇX))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰʉiX))
  46. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰʉi))
  47. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiᴇX))
  48. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉi))
  49. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠiɪ))
  50. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ, pʰiᴇX, bˠiɪX))
  51. :
    (MC reading: )
  52. :
    (MC reading: (MC bˠiɪX))
  53. :
    (MC reading: (MC biᴇ))
  54. :
    (MC reading: (MC piɪX))
  55. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰiɪH))
  56. :
    (MC reading: (MC biᴇX))
  57. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰʉiX))
  58. :
    (MC reading: (MC piᴇ, bei, biᴇk̚, bek̚))
  59. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ, piɪX))
  60. :
    (MC reading: (MC bʉi))
  61. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠiɪH))
  62. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰˠiɪH, pʰeiH))
  63. :
    (MC reading: (MC bʉiH))
  64. :
    (MC reading: )
  65. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪX, bˠiɪX, pɨuX))
  66. :
    (MC reading: (MC piɪH))
  67. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰeiH))
  68. :
    (MC reading: (MC pei))
  69. :
    (MC reading: (MC biᴇ, pʰiɪ, t͡ɕʰɨX))
  70. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiᴇ))
  71. :
    (MC reading: (MC bʉi, bʉiH))
  72. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ, biɪH))
  73. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉiH, pɑiH, pɨut̚))
  74. :
    (MC reading: (MCX, biᴇk̚))
  75. :
    (MC reading: (MC pei))
  76. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ))
  77. :
    (MC reading: (MC biɪ))
  78. :
    (MC reading: (MC bˠiɪH))
  79. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪH))
  80. :
    (MC reading: (MC bˠiɪ))
  81. :
    (MC reading: (MC bˠiᴇ, biᴇ, bˠɛ))
  82. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪH))
  83. :
    (MC reading: (MC biᴇ))
  84. :
    (MC reading: (MC bˠiɪH, buoH, bɨuk̚))
  85. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʰʉi, pʉi))
  86. :
    (MC reading: (MC pʉi))
  87. :
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiᴇX, piɪX, beiX))
  88. :
    (MC reading: (MC bei))
  89. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC pˠiɪH))
  90. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alexander Vovin (2000), “Pre-Hankul Materials, Koreo-Japonic, and Altaic”, in Korean Studies, volume 24, pages 142—155

Middle KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

비〮 () (locative 비〮예〮 (pí-yéy))

  1. rain

DescendantsEdit

  • Korean: (bi)