English

Etymology 1

American English First recorded reference is to speech of a Kansas Indian (1862); originally to attract attention, probably a variant of Middle English hey, hy (circa 1475). Also an exclamation to call attention. See hey.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Interjection

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

hi

  1. A friendly, informal, casual greeting said upon someone's arrival.
    Hi, how are you?
    I just dropped by to say “hi”.
    • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      Anna: Pete, hi! Hi, we are here! — Pete: Hi, Anna! Hi, Marsha! — Anna: Hi! — Pete: How are you two? — Marsha: I am great!
      (file)
  2. An exclamation to call attention.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I made a speaking trumpet of my hands and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Hello!” at the top of my lungs. […] The Colonel woke up, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hi!” and “Hello!” like the bull of Bashan.
    • 1954, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Two Towers:
      'Come back now!' shouted Sam. 'Hi! Come back!' But Gollum had vanished.
  3. (dated) Expressing wonder or derision.
Synonyms
Translations

Noun

hi (plural his)

  1. The word "hi" used as a greeting.
    I didn't even get a hi.
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From high.

Adjective

hi

  1. Informal spelling of high, often in hyphenated terms.
    Get hi-quality videos here!
Derived terms
Related terms

Anagrams


Albanian

Etymology

Tosk form of Gheg (pl. hin), from Proto-Albanian *skina, from *skines, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱenHis (compare Latin cinis (dust; cinder), Ancient Greek κόνις (kónis, ashes; dust)).

Noun

hi m (definite singular hiri)

  1. ash, ashes
  2. dust of corpses
  3. (figuratively) memory of the dead

Derived terms


Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /i/, [i]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /hi/, [ɦi]

Pronoun

hi

  1. (informal, familiar) Second-person singular personal pronoun; you

Usage notes

  • This pronoun is very informal, and is only used between close friends or family members. In all other situations, zu is used.
  • When addressing someone using this pronoun, all verb forms (including those not governed by hi) must be in allocutive agreement. For example:
    Mahaia handia da.The table is big.
    Mahaia handia duk.The table is big. (informal, to a male)
    Mahaia handia dun.The table is big. (informal, to a female)

Declension

Related terms

Further reading

  • hi” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • hi” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *sī. Cognate to Welsh hi.

Pronoun

hi

  1. she

Catalan

Etymology

From Old Catalan y, i, hic, from Latin hīc (here) and ibī (there). Compare French y.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

hi (enclitic and proclitic)

  1. represents a place associated with the action described by the verb, unless the place would be introduced by the preposition de
  2. there (in constructions such as "there is", "there are", etc.: see haver-hi)
  3. replaces an adverb (or adverbial phrase) describing the manner, instrument or association of an action
  4. replaces a phrase introduced by any preposition except de (most commonly a or en)
  5. replaces an indefinite noun or an adjective which is the predicate of a verb other than ésser, esdevenir, estar or semblar
  6. (Central Catalan) in combination with other object pronouns, the third-person singular indirect object pronoun ("to him", "to her", "to it")

Usage notes

  • When more than one object pronoun is associated with a given verb, hi is always the last in the group.
  • Hi and ho cannot be used together with the same verb, nor can two his be used together.
  • It is sometimes stated that hi is never used to replace a compliment beginning with de. This is not completely accurate, as hi can replace adverbial phrases such as de pressa, de sobte, etc.

Declension

Derived terms

See also

Further reading


Cornish

Etymology 1

From Proto-Celtic *sī. Cognate to Welsh hi.

Pronoun

hi

  1. she (third-person feminine singular personal pronoun).

Etymology 2

Noun

hi

  1. Aspirate mutation of ki.

Danish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Norwegian hi, from Old Norse hið.

Noun

hi n (singular definite hiet, plural indefinite hier)

  1. winter quarters, winter lair (for hibernation); hibernation (used literally or figuratively)
    at gå i hi
    to enter hibernation
Declension
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Onomatopoeia for laughter or giggling.

Interjection

hi

  1. (onomatopoeia) Signifies giggling.
See also

Fasu

Noun

hị

  1. (Namumi) Synonym of he

References


German

Etymology

From English hi, from 1990s digitalization.

Pronunciation

Interjection

hi

  1. (very informal) hi
    Synonym: moin

Further reading

  • hi” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Japanese

Romanization

hi

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Latin

Pronoun

  1. nominative masculine plural of hic

Maltese

Etymology

From Arabic هِيَ(hiya)

Pronunciation

Pronoun

hi

  1. Alternative form of hija

Inflection

    Inflected forms of hi
positive hija, hi
negative mhijiex, mhix
possessive pronoun tagħha
basic suffix -ha
direct object suffix -ha
indirect object suffix -lha

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch hīe

Pronunciation

Pronoun

hi

  1. he

Inflection

Descendants

  • Dutch: hij, ie
  • Limburgish: hae

Further reading

  • hi”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “hi (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Middle English

Etymology 1

Pronoun

hi

  1. Alternative form of I (I)

Etymology 2

Pronoun

hi

  1. Alternative form of he (he)

Etymology 3

Pronoun

hi

  1. Alternative form of heo (she)

Etymology 4

Pronoun

hi

  1. Alternative form of he (they)

Middle Low German

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. Alternative form of .

North Frisian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Frisian , from Proto-West Germanic *hiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *hiz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe.

Pronoun

hi

  1. he

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Norse híð and híði.

Noun

hi n (definite singular hiet, indefinite plural hi, definite plural hia)

  1. lair (of an animal), sett (badgers)
    Bjørnene har gått i hi for vinteren.
    The bears have entered their lairs for the winter.

Etymology 2

Determiner

hi f (masculine hin, neuter hitt, plural hine)

  1. feminine singular of hin

Etymology 3

Interjection

hi

  1. hee; expression of snickering

References


Old English

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. Alternative form of hīe (they)

Old Frisian

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *hiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *hiz. Cognates include Old English and Old Dutch hie.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. he

Declension

Descendants

  • North Frisian:
    Most dialects: hi, he
    Halligen: hii
  • Saterland Frisian: hie
  • West Frisian: hy

References

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old Irish

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Proto-Celtic *en (compare Welsh yn), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (compare English in, Latin in, Ancient Greek ἐν (en)).

Preposition

hi (triggers eclipsis)

  1. in (with dative)
  2. into (with accusative)

For quotations using this term, see Citations:hi.

Inflection

Combinations with the definite article:

  • isin (accusative masculine/feminine singular)
  • issa (accusative neuter singular)
  • isind (dative singular)
  • isna (accusative plural)
  • isnaib (dative plural)

Combinations with possessive determiners:

  • im (in my) (1st person singular)
  • inna, na (in his/her/its/their) (3rd person)

The form i is unchanged in combination with a relative pronoun.

Descendants
  • Irish: i
  • Scottish Gaelic: an
  • Manx: ayns

Further reading

Etymology 2

Particle

hi

  1. Alternative spelling of í

Pali

Alternative forms

Conjunction

hi

  1. for, because

Adverb

hi

  1. indeed, certainly

References


Sumerian

Romanization

hi

  1. Romanization of 𒄭 (ḫi)

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Verb

hi

  1. to bare one's teeth
    Hi răng ra coi nào.
    Come on, show me your teeth.

See also


Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *sī (compare Old Irish ).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

hi

  1. she, her

Westrobothnian

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Old Norse híð and híði.

Noun

hi n

  1. lair (of an animal), sett (badgers)
Derived terms

Yoruba

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /hí/

Noun

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter H.

See also


Zou

Pronunciation

Noun

hi

  1. disease

References

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40