TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(vase) + phonetic  – fermenting in a vase, making wine. 孝 is composed of “young + old”, hence connotations of “aging (in a vase), fermentation”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 164 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一田十大木 (MWJKD), four-corner 14647)

  1. yeast, leaven

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1283, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39868
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1783, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3582, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9175

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

‎(Jyutping gaau3, haau1, Yale gaau3, haau1)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 酵素 ‎(こうそ, kōso)
  • 酵母 ‎(こうぼ, kōbo)
  • 発酵 ‎(はっこう, hakkō)
  • 醗酵 ‎(はっこう, hakkō)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune-Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

‎(Pinyin xiào (xiao4), Wade-Giles hsiao4), jiào

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(diếu, giếu, dáo, giáo)

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