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U+9149, 酉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9149

[U+9148]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+914A]
See also: and 西

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰjuʔ, *lu
*ʔslu
*sklu, *sɡlu
*sklu, *sɡlu
*sklu
*ʔsluʔ
*sklus
*skʰlu
*skʰlu
*skʰlu, *skʰluŋs
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*l̥ʰjuʔ
*klus, *lu, *lus
*lu
*lu, *luʔ, *lus
*lu
*lu, *sruɡ
*lu
*lu, *luʔ
*luʔ, *lus
*luʔ
*luʔ
*luʔ

Pictogram (象形): an ancient vase used in making and storing fermented millet liquors. See .

Han characterEdit

(radical 164 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一金田一 (MCWM), four-corner 10600)

  1. Kangxi radical #164, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1280, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1778, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3572, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9149

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwX/
Li
Rong
/iuX/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒu yǒu yǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuwX › ‹ yuwX › ‹ yuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-ruʔ/ /*N-ruʔ/ /*N-ruʔ/
English 10th earthly branch wine old

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15583
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*luʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a wine vessel
  2. tenth of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
  3. rooster () of Chinese zodiac
  4. the period from 5-7 p.m.

Usage notesEdit

Although it remains associated with liquor, the character alone is mostly used as the tenth earthly branch in the Chinese cyclical calendar.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. "sake" radical (さけづぐり)
  2. "bird of the zodiac" radical (ひよみのとり, とりへん)
  3. rooster (tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
とり
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From (niwatori, tori, chicken), from (niwa, garden) + (tori, bird)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana とり, rōmaji Tori)

  1. the Rooster, the tenth of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ゆう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (yuwX)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ゆう, rōmaji , historical hiragana いう)

  1. the Rooster, the tenth of the twelve Earthly Branches

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 6157
  • Halpern: 3544
  • Halpern Learners: 2207
  • Heisig: 1427
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2254
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dấu, dậu, giấu, giậu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.