U+5B5D, 孝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B5D

[U+5B5C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B5E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十大弓木 (JKND), four-corner 44407, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 278, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6952
  • Dae Jaweon: page 546, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1011, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5B5D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kruːs
*qʰruː
*qʰruː, *qʰruːs
*qʰruː
*qʰruː, *qʰruːs
*qʰruːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰruːs): phonetic  + semantic .

Alternative explanation: Ideogrammic compound (會意): (an old man with long hair, bent over) + (a child) – an old man and a child, filial piety between generations. Compare top component to (OC *ruːʔ, “old”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hàu - literary;
  • hà - vernacular.
Note:
  • hao3 - literary;
  • ha3 - vernacular.
Note:
  • 2hau - vernacular;
  • 2xiau - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiau¹³/
Guiyang /ɕiao²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiɔ³⁵/
/xɔ³⁵/ ~帽子
Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /hɔ³⁵/
/ɕiɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕiæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /huɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiɔ³²⁴/
/xɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /xo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiau⁵⁵/
/xau⁵⁵/ ~帽子
Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /hɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hau⁵³/
Taoyuan /hɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hau³³/
Nanning /hau³³/
Hong Kong /hau³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hau²¹/
/ha²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hau²¹³/
/ha²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau³⁵/
/ha³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/haɨwH/
Li
Rong
/xauH/
Wang
Li
/xauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ xæwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˤ<r>uʔ-s/
English filial

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13771
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰruːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to do one's filial duty; to show filial piety
  2. filial piety
  3. mourning
  4. mourning dress
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

Source : mahou kanji dictionary - 孝 (Takashi)

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune-Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiếu, hếu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.