Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + , 耂 as phonetic, 子 as semantic.

Alternative explanation: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(an old man with long hair, bent over) +  ‎(a child) – an old man and a child, filial piety between generations. Compare top component to .

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十大弓木 (JKND), four-corner 44407, composition)

  1. filial piety
  2. obedience
  3. mourning

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 278, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6952
  • Dae Jaweon: page 546, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1011, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5B5D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiau¹³/
Guiyang /ɕiao²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiɔ³⁵/
/xɔ³⁵/ ~帽子
Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /hɔ³⁵/
/ɕiɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕiæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /huɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiɔ³²⁴/
/xɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /xo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiau⁵⁵/
/xau⁵⁵/ ~帽子
Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /hɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hau⁵³/
Taoyuan /hɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hau³³/
Nanning /hau³³/
Hong Kong /hau³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hau²¹/
/ha²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hau²¹³/
/ha²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau³⁵/
/ha³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɣauH/ /xauH/ /xauH/ /hɯauH/ /haɨwH/ /xauH/ /xauH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiào ‹ xæwH › /*qʰˤ<r>uʔ-s/ filial

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13771 1 /*qʰruːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Source : mahou kanji dictionary - 孝 (Takashi)

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune-Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiếu, hếu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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