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TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 196 +4, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一廿竹日火 (MTHAF), four-corner 17427, composition(U+9CFD) or ⿰(U+2FA0C))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1483, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46706
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2015, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4617, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+9CFD

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋeː
*kŋeː
*kŋeː, *ŋ̊ʰeːn
羿 *ŋeːs
*ŋ̊ʰaːn
*ŋaːn, *ŋ̊ʰeːn
*ŋreːn, *tŋ̊ʰeːn
*ŋeːn
*kŋeːn
*kŋeːn, *ŋeːn, *ŋ̊ʰreːŋ, *ŋreːɡ
*kŋeːn, *ŋeːns
*kŋeːn, *ŋ̊ʰeːn
*kŋeːnʔ, *ŋeːn, *ŋeːns
*ŋ̊ʰeːn, *ŋ̊ʰeːns
*ŋ̊ʰeːn
*ŋɡeːn, *ŋeːns
*ŋeːn
*hŋeːn
*ɡeːŋ

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

trad.
simp. 𫛚
alt. forms trad. sense


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4
Initial () (28) (31)
Final () (85) (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/ /ŋen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/ /ŋen/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/ /ŋɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/ /ŋɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/ /ŋen/
Wang
Li
/kien/ /ŋien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/ /ŋien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān yán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4
No. 6162 6173
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋeːn/ /*ŋeːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (traditional sense) Chinese pond heron
  2. bittern, and certain other few species of heron
CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This was an ancient name for the Chinese pond heron. Mainland ornithologists have used this character in naming bitterns and certain other few species of heron.

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“sparrow hawk”).
(This character, , is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as an ancient form of .)