See also: and 𢀑
U+4E94, 五
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E94

[U+4E93]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E95]
U+3224, ㈤
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH FIVE

[U+3223]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3225]
U+3284, ㊄
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH FIVE

[U+3283]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3285]
Commons:Category
Commons:Category
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Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 7, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一木一 (MDM), four-corner 10107, composition 𫝀 or or 𠃍)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 86, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 11, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E94

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Originally written 𠄡, consisting of with a bar on the top and bottom. One hypothesis explains that this may have meant five because when counting on a single hand, one first counts to five and then crosses back the other way to ten.

Etymology 1 edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms financial

𠄡
𫝀

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l/b-ŋa (five).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • ng3 - vernacular;
  • u3 - literary (e.g. 五香).
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • ngô - vernacular;
    • ngū - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • gō͘/gǒ͘/ňg - vernacular;
    • ngó͘/gó͘/gú - literary.
    Note:
    • ngou6 - vernacular;
    • ngou2, u2 - literary.
    • (Leizhou)
      • Leizhou Pinyin: ngeu6 / ngu2
      • Sinological IPA: /ŋɛu³³/, /ŋu³¹/
    Note:
    • ngeu6 - vernacular;
    • ngu2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 6ng - vernacular;
    • 5u, 1(o)u - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter nguX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuoX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋoX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋoX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuoX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ng5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nguX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ŋˁaʔ/
    English five

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13147
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaːʔ/

    Definitions edit

    1. five
    2. a surname. Wu (mainland China, Taiwan), Ng (Hong Kong)
    3. (printing) The size of type between 小五 (little 5) and 小四 (little 4), standardized as 10½ point.

    See also edit

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 106 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    , , , , ,
    十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
    百萬百万,
    (Philippines),
    面桶 (Philippines)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (go)
    • Korean: 오(五) (o)
    • Vietnamese: ngũ ()

    Others:

    Etymology 2 edit

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation edit

    Definitions edit

    1. (music) Kunqu gongche notation for the note la (6).
    2. (music) Cantonese opera gongche notation for the note la (6).

    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Japanese cardinal numbers
     <  4 5 6  > 
        Cardinal :

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. five

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    いつ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *Etu.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (いつ) (itsu

    1. five
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC nguX). Compare modern Hokkien reading gō͘.

    Pronunciation edit

    • (file)

    Noun edit

    () (go

    1. five
    2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument
    Coordinate terms edit
    Japanese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
    Regular (れい) (rei)
    (ゼロ) (zero)
    (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (よん) (yon)
    () (shi)
    () (go) (ろく) (roku) (なな) (nana)
    (しち) (shichi)
    (はち) (hachi) (きゅう) (kyū)
    () (ku)
    (じゅう) ()
    Formal (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (じゅう) ()
    90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
    Regular (きゅう)(じゅう) (kyūjū) (ひゃく) (hyaku)
    (いっ)(ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
    (さん)(びゃく) (sanbyaku) (ろっ)(ぴゃく) (roppyaku) (はっ)(ぴゃく) (happyaku) (せん) (sen)
    (いっ)(せん) (issen)
    (さん)(ぜん) (sanzen) (はっ)(せん) (hassen) (いち)(まん) (ichiman) (いち)(おく) (ichioku)
    Formal (いち)(まん) (ichiman)
    1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
    (いっ)(ちょう) (itchō) (はっ)(ちょう) (hatchō) (じゅっ)(ちょう) (jutchō) (いっ)(けい) (ikkei) (ろっ)(けい) (rokkei) (はっ)(けい) (hakkei) (じゅっ)(けい) (jukkei) (ひゃっ)(けい) (hyakkei)

    Etymology 3 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    () (i

    1. five

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    Korean numbers (edit)
    50
     ←  4 5 6  → 
        Native isol.: 다섯 (daseot)
        Native attr.: 다섯 (daseot), (archaic) (dat)
        Sino-Korean: (o)
        Hanja:
        Ordinal: 다섯째 (daseotjjae)

    From Middle Chinese (MC nguX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅌᅩᆼ〯 (Yale: ngwǒ)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 다ᄉᆞᆺ〮 (Yale: tàsós) 오〯 (Yale: )

    Pronunciation edit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 다섯 (daseot o))

    1. Hanja form? of (five).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Việt readings: ngũ[1][2][3][4]
    : Nôm readings: ngũ[1][3][5], ngủ[1], ngỗ[1]

    1. chữ Hán form of ngũ (five).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Zhuang edit

    Numeral edit

    1. Sawndip form of haj (five)