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Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡiːn): phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰaːn, *kʰriːn, *ɡiːn, *kʰins) + semantic  ‎(money) – worthy, valuable (like money)

Han characterEdit

(radical 154 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸水月山金 (SEBUC), four-corner 77806, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36822
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1674, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3646, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8CE2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian³⁵/
Harbin /ɕian²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiã⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiã²⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕian³¹/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ɕien²⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕie⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hian¹¹/
Taoyuan /hien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²¹/
Nanning /jin²¹/
Hong Kong /jin²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛn/
Li
Rong
/ɣen/
Wang
Li
/ɣien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xián
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1337
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡiːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. virtuous, good, clever, wise, worthy
  2. able, capable

CompoundsEdit

  • (Min Nan) 賢慧 (hiân-huē)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. intelligence
  2. clever
  3. quick-witted
  4. sagacious

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana さとる, romaji Satoru)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana まさる, romaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyeon) (hangeul , revised hyeon, McCune-Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiền, hèn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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