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U+8CE2, 賢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CE2

[U+8CE1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CE3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 154, +8 in Chinese, 貝+9 in Japanese, 15 strokes in Chinese, 16 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 尸水月山金 (SEBUC), four-corner 77806, composition or ⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36822
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1674, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3646, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8CE2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːn, *kʰriːn, *ɡiːn, *kʰins
*kʰriːn, *kʰiːn
*kʰriːn
*ɡriːn, *ɡriːns
*kiːn
*kiːn, *kiːns
*kiːn
*kʰiːnʔ
*kʰiːns, *kʰins
*ɡiːn
*ɡiːn, *ɢrin
*ɡiːnʔ
*kiŋs
*ɡiŋ
*ɡiŋ
*ɡjinʔ
*hŋiŋʔ
*kinʔ
*ŋɡriŋ
*kʰreːŋ
*kʰreːŋ
*kʰreːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡiːn): phonetic  (OC *kʰaːn, *kʰriːn, *ɡiːn, *kʰins) + semantic  (money) – worthy, valuable (like money)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiang5 - Shantou;
  • hiêng5 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian³⁵/
Harbin /ɕian²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiã⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiã²⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕian³¹/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ɕien²⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕie⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hian¹¹/
Taoyuan /hien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²¹/
Nanning /jin²¹/
Hong Kong /jin²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛn/
Li
Rong
/ɣen/
Wang
Li
/ɣien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xián
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xián
Middle
Chinese
‹ hen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[g]ˁi[n]/
English worthy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1337
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡiːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. virtuous; good; clever; wise; worthy
  2. able; capable

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. intelligence
  2. clever
  3. quick-witted
  4. sagacious

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana さとる, rōmaji Satoru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana まさる, rōmaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana けん, rōmaji Ken)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeon) (hangeul , revised hyeon, McCune–Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiền, hèn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.