TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
研-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 112 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一口一廿 (MRMT), four-corner 11640, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 828, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24080
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1243, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2418, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+7814

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (研), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 吾甸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋenH/ /ŋienH/ /ŋenH/ /ŋenH/ /ŋɛnH/ /ŋienH/ /ŋɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ ngen › /*[ŋ]ˤe[r]/ grind; examine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6171 2 /*ŋɡeːn/
6176 2 /*ŋeːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. grind, rub, sharpen
  2. study, research

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to polish
  2. study of ...
  3. to sharpen

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghiên, tên, nghiền, nghiện)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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